Effect of seed pelleting on yield and storage quality in Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill)
Seed pelleting in fennel
Keywords:Seed coating, seed pelleting, fennel, seed storage, seed germination
The current investigation on the effect of seed pelleting on germination, plant establishment and seed yield in fennel was carried out in two seasons during Rabi 2017 and 2018. The experiment consisted of 17 seed pelleting treatments along with the control. Field emergence (93.1 %), umbels per plant (26.61) and seed yield (1376 kg ha-1) were highest in seeds pelleted with Lignite +Azospirillum and higher number of seeds per plant (397) was obtained in Lignite+Gum Arabic, whereas, days to 50 % field emergence, plant height and test weight showed non-significant differences among the treatments. Lignite + gum Arabic pelleting recorded maximum seed germination (65 %) at the end of six months storage period. In general, seeds pelleted with Lignite and coated with Azospirillum showed better performance both in terms of yield and storability.
Alipour A, Rahimi M M, Hosseini S M A & Bahrani A (2021) Mycorrhizal fungi and growth-promoting bacteria improve fennel essential oil yield under water stress. Industrial Crops and Products. 170, 113792.
Duan X & Burris J S 1997 Film coating impairs leaching of germination inhibitors in sugar beet seeds. Crop Science. 37: 515-520.
Ehsanipour A, Razmjoo J, & Zeinali H 2012 Effect of nitrogen rates on yield and quality of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) accessions. Industrial Crops and Products. 35(1) 121-125.
EL-Attar M, Ebaid M, AL-Gezawe A. & Abd El Gawad F 2016 Factors affecting mechanical coating of fennel seeds. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 7(12) 973-979.
Halmer P 1998 Technical and commercial aspects of seed pelleting and film-coating, pp. 191-204 in Martin, T. (Ed.), Seed Treatment Progress and Prospects, Surrey, British Crop Protection Council.
Hill H J 1997 New developments in seed technology, Proceedings of the Oregon Hort. Soc. Portland, Oregon, 88: 123-130.
Kalasare R S, Patel M V, Patel H K, Kadu S P, Patel A P & Umale A A 2016 Role of integrated nutrient management on growth attributes, yield attributes, and seed yield of rabi fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) in middle Gujarat condition. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology. 10(4) 3057-3062.
McGee D C 1995 Advances in seed treatment technology, Technical report no. 11, in McNicoll, A. (Ed.) Proc. Asia and Pacific Seed Assoc. New Delhi, APSA. 1-14
Mirshekari B, Valizadeh N, Roudsari A M, Maleki S H, Farahvash F & Kouchebagh S B 2010 Improved growth and essential oil quality of Foeniculum vulgare by Azospirillum inoculation and nutrient seed priming. J. Food Agric. Environ. 8: 403-406.
Ni B R 1997 Seed coating, film coating and pelleting. In: Chinese Assoc. of Ag. Sci., DDA, Minis. of Ag., PR China and China Nat. Seed Group Cooperation, (ED.), Seed industry and ag. Dev., Bejing, China Ag. Press. pp 737-747
Panse V G, & Sukhatme, P V 1985 Statistical methods for agricultural research. ICAR, New Delhi, 8: 308-318.
Pariari A, Mukherjee A, & Das S 2015 Growth and yield of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) as influenced by integrated nitrogen management and spacing. Journal Crop and Weed. 11(2) 90-93.
Robani, H., 1994, Film-coating horticultural seed, HorTech. 4: 104-104.
Singh S, Sangwan V P, Singh H, Sheoran V, Kumar S, & Malik A K 2020 Effect of pelleting on seed quality of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare). Ind. J. Pure App. Biosci. 8(3) 162-168.
Taylor A G, Allen P S, Bennett M A, Bardford K J, Burris, J S & Misra M K 1998 Seed enhancements. Seed Sci. Res. 8: 245-256.
Taylor A G, Harman, G E & Nielsen, P A 1994 Biological seed treatments using Trichoderma harzianum for horticultural crops. HorTech. 4: 105-109.
Zoubiri S, Baaliouamer A, Seba N & Chamouni N 2014 Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of Algerian Foeniculum vulgare seed essential oil. Arabian Journal of Chemistry.7(4) 480-485.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Prashant H Nikumbhe, Shantharaja C Shivanna
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.