Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops 2023-04-25T00:00:00+0530 Editorial Office Open Journal Systems <div> <p>Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops (JOSAC), which is the official publication of Indian Society for Spices, is published twice a year at present during June and December. It is an international journal devoted to the advancement of spices, aromatic and related crops. The journal publishes multidisciplinary reviews, research articles and research notes on all aspects of spices, aromatic and allied crops. The journal has been rated in the highest class in punctuality and quality by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.</p> </div> Biochemical composition, oil profiling and elemental analysis of different cumin (Cuminum cyminum) genotypes 2023-01-12T14:30:41+0530 N. S. Gamit N. S. Litoriya A. S. Thounaojam P. K. Patel <p>Cumin (<em>Cuminum cyminum </em>L.) is an annual plant of the family <em>Apiaceae</em> and the genus <em>Cuminum</em> has a single species <em>Cyminum</em>, native from the east Mediterranean to east India. In India, Gujarat and Rajasthan are only the major producing state. After black pepper, cumin is the second most popular spice in the world, considering the rich source of various nutritional qualities. Therefore, the present research work was carried out to observe nutritional quality parameters, oil profiling and element analysis from fifteen cumin genotypes/varieties. The moisture content was found to vary from 6.22 to 8.15 %. The carbohydrate content was reported higher in Kushalpura-1 (46.14 %), while the crude protein in genotypes Indawar was maximum followed by GC-2 and Merta-2. True protein content was observed higher in Lampolai (18.24 %) and lower in GC-2 (11.36 %). In Lamba Jatan, higher content of non-reducing sugar (8.35 %) and total soluble sugar (9.11 %) were found. Reducing sugar was detected in the range of 0.72 – 1.53 %. Higher amount of total free amino acids and crude fiber were found in Gawardi and Kushalpura-1, respectively. The total oil (20.27 %) and volatile oil (3.99 %) content was found highest in GC-4. The petroselinic acid and linoleic acid were observed as primary fatty acids in all tested genotypes. However, Lampolai, Merta-1, GC-2 and GC-4 were good sources of both fatty acids among all genotypes. The elemental analysis showed that the GC-2 has an overall high amount of macronutrients, while micronutrients was highest in Piplon-5. However, Merta-1 having a lower amount of toxic elements as compared to the rest of the genotypes.</p> 2023-04-25T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2023 N. S. Gamit, N. S. Litoriya, A. S. Thounaojam, P. K. Patel