Studies on the effect of sodium arsenate & cadmium chloride on Pithophora oedogonia (Mont.) Wittrock 1877
Keywords:algae, arsenic, cadmium, lipid, protein, phenol, pigment, Pithophora oedogonia
Cadmium and Arsenic are heavy metals although not common in our environment, its threat in certain places are aggravated due to anthropogenic factors. To know its critical role on plants the investigation was made using Na2HAsO4 and CdCl2 treatment on Pithophora oedogonia (Mont.) Wittrock 1877. The observations were made after 14 days of treatment. The changes were noted. In both cases, the treated cells exhibited gradual disruption of cell wall and cell membrane. The chlorophyll content initially increased and finally decreased due to the notable destruction of chloroplasts in both treated cells. A profuse number of akinetes were observed at 100 ppm and 150 ppm of Na2HAsO4 and CdCl2 treated media. Decrease in protein content was started at 100 ppm in both cases. The lipid content initially decreased at 50 ppm and at 100 ppm lipid profile increased in terms of toleration to the Na2HAsO4 and CdCl2 stress. Pithophora oedogonia (Mont.) Wittrock 1877 exhibited more sensitivity to CdCl2 stress & showing abrupt changes in chlorophyll-a and chlorophyll-b production. The carotenoid production shown more sensitivity in Na2HAsO4 stress. Total phenol production was decreased initially and at 200 ppm CdCl2 stress had shown significant enhancement than the control set but at the 200 ppm of Na2HAsO4 shown inhibitory effect.
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