• Sumiksha Gupta Research Scholar
  • M.C. Sidhu Associate Professor, Botany Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh
  • A.S. Ahluwalia Professor, Botany Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh



The knowledge related to medicinal plants have been described in Indian Ayurveda System and survived till today through the prevalent socio-cultural practices. Present study is an attempt to document anti-diabetic plants from Una district of Himachal Pradesh. A thorough survey was conducted from 500 respondents using a semi-structured questionnaire and informal discussions. A total of 84 anti-diabetic plant species have been recorded. These plants include wild (32) or cultivated (41) species. Fabaceae was the dominant family with 10 species. The phytoremedies were prepared using different plant parts or sometimes even the whole plant or in combination with other species. There are only few reports on anti-diabetic use of some wild species from the study area. Further studies of bioactive compounds in these species can depict their hypoglycemic potential. Present study has suggested a strong link between traditional herbal medicines, their documentation and proper chemical characterization to harness their therapeutic potential to the maximum.  

KEY WORDS: Diabetes, bioactive compounds, traditional medicines, phytoremedies, angiosperms, Una, Himachal Pradesh


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Sumiksha Gupta, Research Scholar

Botany Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh

M.C. Sidhu, Associate Professor, Botany Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh

Associate Professor, Botany Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh

A.S. Ahluwalia, Professor, Botany Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh

Professor, Botany Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh


Ahmad M, Quereshi R, Arshad M, Khan MA, Zafar M. Traditional herbal remedies used for the treatment of diabetes from district Attock (Pakistan). Pak J Bot 2009; 41: 2777-82.

Ayyanar M, Ignacimuthu S. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commonly used by Kani tribals in Tirunelveli hills of Western Ghats, India. J Ethnopharmacol 2011; 102: 243-55.

Azaizeh H, Fulder S, Khalil K, Said O. Ethno medicinal knowledge of Local Arab Practitioners in the Middle East Region. Fitoterapia 2003; 74: 98-108.

Bailey CJ, Day C. Traditional plant medicines as treatments for diabetes. Diabetes Care 1989; 12: 552-56.

Basch E, Gabardi S, Ulbritcht C. Bitter melon (Momordica charantia): A review of efficacy and safety. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2003; 6: 356-59.

Bnouham M, Ziyyat A, Mekhfi H, Tahri A, Legssyer A. Medicinal plants with potential antidiabetic activity- a review of ten years of herbal medicine research (1990-2000). Int J Diabetes Metab 2006; 14: 1-25.

Chand R, Kaur R, Kaur A, Kumar V, Nirmala C, Singh AN. Assessment of ethnomedicinal plant diversity of Una and Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh, India: an ethno-ecological approach. Ann Plant Sci 2016; 5: 1475-90.

Chandrashekhar MB, Singh S, Roy PS. Geospatial modeling techniques for rapid assessment of phytodiversity at landscape level in Western Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh. Curr Sci 2003; 84: 663-70.

Chauhan NS. Medicinal and aromatic plants of Himachal Pradesh. New Delhi: Indus Publishing Company; 1999.

Chowdhery HJ, Wadhwa BM. Flora of Himachal Pradesh. Vol 1-3. Botanical Survey of India; 1984.

Collett H. Flora Simlensis: A Handbook of the flowering plants of Simla and the neighbourhood. Thacker, Spink and Co. Calcutta and Simla, 1902. Reprinted 1971. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun.

Dixit AK, Sudurshan M. Review of flora of anti-diabetic plants of Puducherry UT. Int J Appl Bio and Pharma Tech 2011; 2: 455-62.

Grover JK, Yadav S, Vats V. Medicinal plants of India with anti-diabetic potential. J Ethnopharmacol 2002; 81: 81-100.

Gulati AK, Pandey S, Gupta S. A guide to National parks and wildlife sanctuaries of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh: Wildlife Wing, Forest Department; 2004.

Hooker JD. The Flora of British India. Vol. I-VII. Oxford. 1872-1897.

Kadir MF, Sayeed BMS, Shams T, Mia MMK. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by Bangladeshi traditional health practitioners in the management of Diabetes Mellitus. J Ethnopharmacol 2012; 144: 605-11.

Kaur I, Sharma S, Lal S. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for different diseases in Mandi district, Himachal Pradesh. Int J Res Pharmacy and Chem 2011; 1: 1167-71.

Krishnaswamy K, Raghuramulu N. Bioactive phytochemicals with emphasis on dietary practices. Indian J Med Res 1998; 108: 167-81.

Kumar N, Jakhar AK, Choyal R. Traditional uses of some medicinal plants of Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh for the treatment of diabetes. Int J Adv Res 2014; 2: 131-9.

Leena AA, Jill PC. Type 2 Diabetes Prevention: A Review. Clin Diabetes 2010; 28: 53-9.

Liu B, Guo ZY, Bussmann R, Li FF, Li JQ, Hong LY, Long CL. Ethnobotanical approaches of traditional medicine studies in Southwest China: A literature review. J Ethnopharmacol 2016; 186: 343-50.

Mahady GB. Global harmonization of herbal health claims. J Nutr 2001; 131: 1120S-23S.

Marwat SK, Rehman F, Khan EA, Khakwani AA, Ullah I, Khan KU, Khan IU. Useful ethnophytomedicinal recipies of angiosperms used against diabetes in South East Asian countries (India, Pakistan & Sri Lanka). Pak J Pharma Sci 2014; 27: 1333-58.

Rahman AU, Zaman K. Medicinal plants with hypoglycemic activity. J Ethnopharmacol 1989; 26: 1-55.

Rang HP, Dale MM. The Endocrine Systen Pharmacology. 2nd ed. Harlow: Longman, UK; 1991. pp. 504-8.

Samant SS, Pant S, Singh M, Lal M, Singh A, Sharma A, Bhandari S. Medicinal plants in Himachal Pradesh, north western Himalaya, India. Int J of Biodivers Sci Manage 2007; 3: 234-51.

Seth SD, Sharma B. Medicinal plants in India. Indian J Med Res 2004; 120: 9-11.

Sharma OP. Some useful wild plants of Himachal Pradesh, College of Biosciences, HPU, Shimla; 1976.

Sharma PK, Chauhan NS, Lal B. Commercially important medicinal and aromatic plants of Parvati Valley, Himachal Pradesh. J Econ Tax Bot 2003; 27: 937-42.

Sidhu MC, Sharma T. A database of antidiabetic plant species of family Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae and Moraceae. Int J Herbal Med 2013; 1: 187-99.

Sidhu MC, Thakur S. Documentation of antidiabetic medicinal plants in district Mandi of Himachal Pradesh (India). Int J PharmaTech Res 2015; 8: 164-9.

Singh SK. Ethnobotanical study of useful plants of Kullu district in Northwestern Himalaya, India. J Econ Tax Bot 1999; 23: 185-98.

Sood SK, Nath R, Kalia DC. Ethnobotany of cold desert tribes of Lahaul Spiti (N.W. Himalaya). New Delhi: Deep Publications; 2001. pp. 161.

Srinivasan K. Plant foods in the management of diabetes mellitus: spices as beneficial food adjuncts. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2005; 56: 399-414.

Tag H, Kalita P, Dwivedi P, Das AK, Namsa ND. Herbal medicines used in the treatment of Diabetes Mellitus in Arunachal Himalaya, northeast, India. J Ethnopharmacol 2012; 141: 786-95.

Tang GY, Li XJ, Zhang HY. Antidiabetic components contained in vegetables and legumes. Molecules 2008; 13: 1189-94.

Tarak D, Namsa ND, Tangjang S, Arya SC, Rajbonshi B, Samal PK, Mandal M. An inventory of the ethnobotanicals used as anti-diabetic by a rural community of Dhemaji district of Assam, Northeast India. J Ethnopharmacol 2011; 138: 345-50.

Thakur S. Study on the ethnobotany of Rewalsar (Mandi District, Himachal Pradesh, India). Ph. D. Thesis, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla; 2001.

Uniyal MR, Chauhan NS. Commercially important medicinal plants of Kullu, Forest Division of Himachal Pradesh. Nagarjuna 1982; 15: 4.

Vohora SB, Rizwan M, Kahn JA. Medicinal uses of common Indian vegetables. Planta Med 1973; 23: 381-93.

Wadood N, Nisar M, Rashid A, Wadood A, Nawab G, Khan A. Effect of a compound recipe (medicinal plants) on serum insulin levels of alloxan induced diabetic rabbits. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2007; 19: 32-8.

World Health Organization. Definition and diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus and intermediate hyperglycemia: Report of a WHO/IDF consultation; 2006.



How to Cite

Gupta, S., Sidhu, M., & Ahluwalia, A. (2017). PLANT-BASED REMEDIES FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES. Current Botany, 8, 34–40.



Regular Articles