Allium stracheyi (Baker), the endangered and traditional medicinally important herb of Uttarakhand Himalaya, India: A Review

  • Manindra Mohan, S. Zafar Haider, Shiv Shanker Gautam, Prashant Singh


 Allium stracheyi (Alliaceae), is the high-altitude growing plant, commonly known as Jamboo, and Dhungar in Uttarakhand, India. It is a good source of income for the tribal communities and cultivars of Uttarakhand with medicinally and economically importance. A. stracheyi has higher amount of fibre and protein contents with lower fat and carbohydrates. It is used in various ailments. Considering phytoconstituents studies revealed different types of compounds like hydrocarbons, terpenes, terpenoids and sulfur-containing components as volatile constituents. The present study aimed to provide a general review of the available literature of A. stracheyi on phytochemistry, biological activities and pharmacological uses with special reference to traditional and economic importance.

Keywords: Allium stracheyi; phytochemistry; pharmacological application; sulfur contents; traditional importance


Download data is not yet available.


[1] Mukherjee A, Rajasekaran C. In vitro hemolytic activity of Allium stracheyi Baker. J Pharm Res. 2010;3(5):1160-1162.
[2] Sharma PC, Bhatia V, Bansal N, Sharma A. A review on Bael tree. Nat Prod Rad. 2007;6(2):171-178.
[3] Samant SS, Butola JS, Sharma A. Assessment of diversity, distribution, conservation status and preparation of management plan for medicinal plants in the catchment area of Parvati hydroelectric project stage-III in north-western Himalaya. J Mt Sci. 2007;4(1):34-56.
[4] Saxena KG, Rao KS, Sen KK, Maikhuri RK, Semwal RL. Integrated natural resources management: approaches and lessons from the Himalaya. Conservation Ecology 2001;5:1-14.
[5] The plant list – Allium species. Available from: [ Last accessed on 02 August, 2018]
[6] Santapau H, Henry AN. A Dictionary of the Flowering plants in India. Pub. & Inf. Directorate CSIR, New Delhi; 1973.
[7] Karthikeyan S, Jain SK, Nayar MP, Sanjappa S. Flora Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae. Flora Indica 4. Botanical Survey of India. Howrah; 1989.
[8] Kumari P, Singh BK, Joshi GC, Tewari LM. Veterinary ethnomedicinal plants in Uttarakhand Himalayan region, India. Ethnobot. Leaflets. 2009;13:1312-1327
[9] Nautiyal S, Rajan KS, Shibasaki R. Environmental conservation vs compensation: explorations from the Uttaranchal Himalaya. Environ Inform Arch. 2004;2:24-35.
[10] Samal PK, Dhyani PP, Bollo M. Medicinal plant resources in Nanda Devi biosphere reserve in the Central Himalayas. Indian J Tradit Know. 2010;9:140-144.
[11] Shah NC. Status of cultivated & wild Allium species in India: a review. The Scitech. 2014;1(9):28-36.
[12] Dasgupta S. Fascicles of Flora of India, Fascicle 23. Botanical Survey of India. In: Singh NP, Sanjappa M (Eds.), 2006; pp 1-48.
[13] Rawat GS, Adhikari BS, Tiwari UK, Chandola S, Raut N. Medicinal plants of Garhwal region Uttarakhand: a baseline on the status and distribution. Wildlife Institute of India and Uttarakhand Forest Development Corporation, Dehradun, India; 2016.
[14] Tiwari UK, Adams SJ, Begum SN, Krishnamurthy KV, Ravikumar K, Padma V. Pharmacognostic studies on two Himalayan species of traditional medicinal value: Allium wallichii and Allium stracheyi. Not Sci Biol. 2014;6(2):149-154.
[15] Hanelt P. Alliaceae In Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops, Hanelt, P., Eds.; Springer-Verlag, Vienna. Vol. 4(3); 2001. ISBN: 3-540-41017-1
[16] Bisht VK, Negi JS, Bhandari AK. Check on extinction of medicinal herbs in Uttarakhand: no need to uproot. Natl Acad Sci Lett. 2016;39(3):233-235.
[17] Wertheim T. Investigations on garlic oil. Ann Chem Pharm. 1844;51:289-315.
[18] Semmler FW. Essential oil of Onion (Allium cepa L.). Arch Pharm. 1892;230:443-448.
[19] Cavallito CJ, Buck JS, Sulter CM. The antibacterial principle of Allium sativum. II. Determination of the chemical structure. J Am Chem Soc. 1944;66:1952-1954.
[20] Stoll A, Seebeck E. Allium compounds I. Alliin, the true mother compound of garlic oil. Helv Chim Acta. 1948;31:189-210.
[21] Abuajah CI, Ogbonna AC, Osuji CM. Functional components and medicinal properties of food: a review. J Food Sci Technol. 2015;52(5):2522-2529. doi: 10.1007/s13197-014-1396-5
[22] Joshi S. Studies on supercritical fluid extraction of organic compounds from Allium stracheyi Baker. PhD Thesis, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India; 2016.
[23] Goncharov N, Orekhov AN, Voitenko N, Ukolov A, Jenkins R, Avdonin P. Organosulfur compounds as Nutraceuticals. In Nutraceuticals. Efficacy, Safety and Toxicity. 2016; pp 555-568. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-802147-7.00041-3
[24] Kuete V. Allium cepa. In Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa. Therapeutic potential against metabolic, inflammatory, infectious and systemic diseases. 2017; pp 353-361. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809286-6.00014-5
[25] Dobhal R. Allium Stracheyi Baker. In spices of Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand State Council for Science & Technology, Uttarakhand, India, 2015; pp 45.
[26] Ranjan S, Jadon VS, Sharma N, Singh K, Parcha V, Gupta S, Bhatt JP. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic potential of leaf extract of Allium stracheyi. J Appl Sci Res. 2010;6(2):139-143.
[27] Kim SJ, Chung WS, Kim SS, Ko SG, Um JY. Antiinflammatory effect of Oldenlandia diffusa and its constituent, hentriacontane, through suppression of caspase-1 activation in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Phytother Res. 2011;25(11):1537-1546. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3443
[28] Agoramoorthy G, Chandrasekaran M, Venkatesalu V, Hsu MJ. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of fatty acid methyl ester of the blind-your-eye mangrove from India. Braz J Microbiol. 2007; 38(4):739-742. doi: 10.1590/S1517-83822007000400028
[29] Gonzalez-Trujano ME, Martinez AL, Reyes-Romirez A, Reyes-Trejo B, Navarrete A. Palmitone isolated from Annona diversifolia induces an anxiolytic-like effect in mice. Planta Med. 2006;72(8):703-707. doi: 10.1055/s-2006-931598
[30] Carballo AI, Martinez AL, Gonzalez-Trujano ME, Pellicer F, Ventura-Martinez R, Diaz-Reval MI, Lopez-Munoz FJ. Antinociceptive activity of Annona diversifolia Saff. leaf extracts and palmitone as a bioactive compound. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2010;95(1):6-12. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2009.11.017
[31] Joshi S, Khan MA. Ultrasound assisted extraction technique: Study of the biological properties of Allium stracheyi Baker. Internat J Proc & Post Harvest Technol. 2016;7(1):85-95. doi: 10.15740/HAS/IJPPHT/7.1/85-95
[32] Kumar S, Pangti J, Thakur S, Upadhyay N, Jain M. Antioxidant and wound healing potential of standardized ethyl acetate fraction (AS-3) of Allium stracheyi in Rats. Int J Biol Pharm Allied Sci. 2015;4(12):6467-6480.
[33] Shah PM. The need for new therapeutic agents: what is in the pipeline? Clin Microbiol Infect. 2005;11:36-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01141.x
[34] Rupasinghe HPV, Arumuggam N, Amararathna M, De Silva ABKH. The potential health benefits of haskap (Lonicera caerulea L.): Role of cyaniding-3-O-glucoside. J Funct Foods. 2018;44:24-39. doi: 10.1016/j.jff.2018.02.023
[35] Furst R, Zundorf I. Plant-derived anti-inflammatory compounds: hopes and disappointments regarding the translation of preclinical knowledge into clinical progress. Mediators Inflamm. 2014;Article id:146832. doi: 10.1155/2014/146832
[36] Da Silva E, Shahgaldian P, Coleman AW. Haemolytic properties of some water-soluble para-sulphonato-calix-[n]-arenes. Int J Pharm. 2004;273(1-2):57-62.
[37] Eidi A, Eidi M, Esmaeili E. Antidiabetic effect of garlic (Allium sativum L.) in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Phytomedicine. 2006;13:624-629. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2005.09.010
[38] Akash MSH, Rehman K, Chen S. Spice plant Allium cepa: Dietary supplement for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nutrition. 2014;30:1128-1137. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2014.02.011
[39] Mohamed SM, Jaleel GAA, Abdallah HMI, Bashandy SAE, Salama AB, Mahmoud AH. Hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and antioxidant activities of Allium porrum leaves extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Int J Pharmtech Res. 2016;9(11):187-200.
[40] Seligman MEP, Walker EF, Rosenhan DL. Abnormal psychology, 4th Ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company; 2000.
[41] Czobor P, Skolnick P, Beer B, Lippa A. A multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study of efficacy and safety of ocinaplon (DOV 273, 547) in generalized anxiety disorder. CNS Neurosci Ther. 2010;16 (Suppl 2):63-75. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-5949.2009.00109.x
[42] Emamghoreishi M, Khasaki M, Aazam MF. Coriandrum sativum: evaluation of its anxiolytic effect in the elevated plus-maze. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;96(3):365-370
[43] Doukkali Z, Taghzouti K, Bouidida EH, Nadjmouddine M, Cherrah Y, Alaoui K. Evaluation of anxiolytic activity of methanolic extract of Urtica urens in a mice model. Behav Brain Funct. 2015;11:19. doi: 10.1186/s12993-015-0063-y
[44] Verma R, Hanif K, Sasmal D, Raghubir R. Resurgence of herbal antihypertensives in management of hypertension. Curr Hypertens Rev. 2010;6(Suppl 3):190-198. doi: 10.2174/157340210791936705
[45] Carlini EA. Plants and the central nervous system. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2003;75:501-512. doi: 10.1016/S0091-3057(03)00112-6
[46] Faustino TT, Almeida RB, Andreatini R. Medicinal plants for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder: a review of controlled clinical studies. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2010;32(Suppl 4):429-436.
[47] Kumar S, Joshi H, Chandra JNNS, Bahuguna P, Kedia VK, Kumar R. Effect of Allium Stracheyi on behavior of Zebrafish: a pharmacological approach. Sch J App Med Sci. 2015;3(9D):3356-3363.
[48] Mukherjee A, Roy SC. Karyotype analysis of five species of Allium. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences. 2012;2(2):374-383.
[49] Mukherjee A, Sikdar B, Ghosh B, Banerjee A, Ghosh E, Bhattacharya M, Roy SC. RAPD and ISSR analysis of some economically important species, varieties, and cultivars of the genus Allium (Alliaceae). Turk J Bot. 2013;37:605-618.
[50] Kala CP. Medicinal Plants in Active Trade at Haridwar City of Uttarakhand State in India. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. 2015;4:204. doi: 10.4172/2167-0412.1000204
[51] Chhetri HB, Gupta VNP. A survey of non-timber forest products (NTFP) in upper Mustang. Scientific World. 2007;5:89-94. doi: 10.3126/sw.v5i5.2663
[52] Uttara B, Singh AV, Zamboni P, Mahajan RT. Oxidative stress and neurodegenerative diseases: a review of upstream and downstream antioxidant therapeutic options. Curr Neuropharmacol. 2009;7(1):65-74. doi: 10.2174/157015909787602823
69 Views | 35 Downloads
How to Cite
Shiv Shanker Gautam, Prashant Singh, M. M. S. Z. H. “Allium Stracheyi (Baker), the Endangered and Traditional Medicinally Important Herb of Uttarakhand Himalaya, India: A Review”. Research in Pharmacy, Vol. 9,  , pp. 01-05, doi:
Review Article