Assessment of resistant varieties of maize against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in laboratory conditions

  • Kishwar Nawaz, Muhammad Shahid, Farooq Ahmad
  • Muhammad Sagheer, Mansoor-ul-Hasan Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
  • Muhammad Asad Saleem, Unsar Naeem-Ullah, Muhammad Sadique Department of Entomology, Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture, Multan Pakistan

Abstract

Grains of five different maize varieties (MMRI Yellow, Pearl White, Malka-2016, YH-1898 and Sadaf) were evaluated for their comparative resistance to Tribolium castaneum under laboratory conditions (30+2°C and 70+5 R.H). Data of percent mortality were taken after 30, 60 and 90 days. Significantly, the maximum mortality of adults was observed in MMRI Yellow (28.57%, 33.67% and 41.61%) in sound seeds and lowest mortality was noted in Sadaf (14.88, 21.33% and 24.99%) during observation period. The seed germination was highest in MMRI Yellow which was 90% while lowest was noted in Sadaf as 50%. The highest protein contents were recorded in Malka-2016 (12.83% and 11.60%) and lowest in YH-1898 (3.90% and 2.50%) in both sound and cracked seeds. However, maximum fiber contents were observed in Malka-2106 (2.76% and 2.16%), while lowest (0.43% and 0.30%) in YH-1898 for both seed types. Consequently, MMRI Yellow variety was proved to be resistance as compared to other varieties with maximum germination. It can be concluded that resistant varieties of maize could be utilized in breeding program to reduce the post-harvest losses of grains.

Keywords: Maize varieties, resistance, Tribolium castaneum, germination

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Kumari S, Shah NMMA, Mal B. Resistance of different maize varieties against flour beetles, Tribolium casteneum and Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Pure and Applied Biology (PAB), 2017;6(3):1061-1070.
2. Tongjura JD, Amuga GA, Mafuyai HB. Laboratory assessment of the susceptibility of some varieties of Zea mays infested with Sitophilus zeamais, Motsch. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Nigeria. The Scientific World Journal, 2010;5(2):55-57.
3. Adedire CO, Akinkurolere RO, Ajayi OO. Susceptiblity of some maize cultivars in Nigeria to infestation and damage by maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 2011;28:55–63.
4. Pandey V, Pandey ND. Relation between the chemical constituent of damaged grains of maize and losses caused by Sitotroga cerealella Olivier. Indian Journal of Entomology, 1978;40(3):339-341.
5. Lale NES. Stored-Product Entomology and Acarology in Tropical Africa. Mole Publications (Nig.) Ltd. Maiduguri, Nigeria. 2002;204.
6. Pathak MD, Sexena RC. Insect resistance in crop plants. Current advances in science, 1976;27:1233-1255.
7. Wakil W, Hassan M, Javed A, Anwar S. Comparision of nutritional losses of insect infested wheat in laboratory and public storage. Pakistan Journal of Arid agriculture, 2003;6:1-6.
8. Jood S, Kapoor AC. Protein and uric acid contents of cereal grains as affected by insect infestation. Food Chemistry, 1993;46:143-146.
9. Jood S, Kapoor AC, Singh R. Available carbohydrates of cereal grains as affected by storage and insect infestation. Plant Foods Human Nutrition, 1993;43:45-54.
10. Shafique M, and Chaudry MA. Susceptibility of maize grains to storage insects. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 2007;39(2):77.
11. AACC. Approved Methods of the AACC, 11thEd. St. Paul, MN, USA: American Association of Cereal Chemists, 2010.
12. Analytical Software. Statistix version 8.1:User’s manual. Analytical Software, 2005.
13. Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ. Biometry, 3rd Ed. Freedman and Company, New York. 1995.
14. Sarwar M. Categorization of Some Advanced local wheat lines against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). International Journal of life sciences and Engineering, 2015;3:108-113.
15. Nisar MS, Ahmed S, Asghar MU. Determination of susceptibility level of some locally used wheat varieties towards Sitotroga cerealella (Oliver.) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). International Journal Modern agriculture, 2015;4(2):30-35.
16. Suleiman R, Rosentrater KA, Bern CJ. Evaluation of maize weevils Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky infestation on seven varieties of maize. Journal of stored products Research, 2015;64:97-102.
17. Muzemu S, Chitamba J, Goto S. Screening of Stored Maize (Zea mays L.) Varieties Grain for Tolerance Against Maize Weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.). International Journal of Plant research, 2013;3(3):17-22.
Statistics
10 Views | 2 Downloads
Section
Short Communication