Enhancement Effects of Biosurfactant Produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 2297 and Pseudomonas fluorescens on Sugar Cane Bagasse Composting

Authors

  • Parthasarathi, R.* and P. K. Sivakumaar

Abstract

Biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC2297 and Pseudomonas fluorescens (a Mangrove forest isolate) was added to the Sugar cane bagasse decomposing process to initiate and enhance the production of reducing sugars. Both isolates produced a glycolipid biosurfactant, namely a rhamnolipid that was confirmed by biochemical and analytical studies. The surface tension of fermentation broth reduced from 73 to 34.2 mN/m by P. aeruginosa MTCC 2297 and from 76 to 29 mN/m by P. fluorescens. Sugar cane bagasse decomposing process was attempted by two different methods, adding pure rhamnolipid and on-site production of it were compared. The study revealed that rhamnolipid concentration of 0.75gl-1 was  optimum for composting process and the optimum temperature for compost pile production was 32°Cfor the first 48h subsequently 35°C for the next 48h. At the optimum temperature for this two-stage fermentation, the production of reducing sugar could be increased to 15.73 gl-1 for P. aeruginosa MTCC 2297 and for the P. fluorescens  reducing sugar increased to 15.88 gl-1,  both experiments resulted  in higher values than  that of the treatment without rhamnolipid sample. The results indicate that application biosurfactant could possibly reduce the composting period. As the compost pile production of rhamnolipid does not require the purification process, the production cost reduced significantly.

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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India-608002.

*Corresponding author, Email: parthasangi@yahoo.com, Mob: +91-9842059688               

Cite This Article As: Parthasarathi, R. and   P. K. Sivakumaar. 2010. Enhancement Effects of Biosurfactant Produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 2297 and Pseudomonas fluorescens on Sugar Cane Bagasse Composting. J. Ecobiotechnol. 2(3): 33-39.

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Author Biography

Parthasarathi, R.* and P. K. Sivakumaar

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India-608002. *Corresponding author, Email: parthasangi@yahoo.com, Mob: +91-9842059688               

Published

17-08-2010

How to Cite

P. K. Sivakumaar, P. R. and. “Enhancement Effects of Biosurfactant Produced by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa MTCC 2297 and Pseudomonas Fluorescens on Sugar Cane Bagasse Composting”. Journal of Ecobiotechnology, vol. 2, no. 3, Aug. 2010, https://updatepublishing.com/journal/index.php/jebt/article/view/37.

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