Analysis of Physico-chemical parameters of salt pans at Newport and Nari situated around Bhavnagar Coast
The present study was carried out to evaluate physico-chemical parameters of two selected sites of salt pans ecosystem located at Bhavnagar coast, Gujarat for a period of one year December-2005 to August 2006. The analytical data obtained from samples become more informative if supplemented with information concerning the sampling site. Hence, the present work is aimed at the assessment of various physical and chemical parameters of water and sediment samples of salterns at Newport and Nari along Bhavnagar coast, Gujarat. The physico-chemical characteristics include temperature, pH, turbidity, salinity, alkalinity, total hardness, total dissolved solids, chloride, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, sulphate and phosphate. The results of various physico â€“ chemical characteristics indicate that with most of the parameters examined the contents recorded were higher in water samples as compared to sediments and also the values were higher at Newport than at Nari. Notable observation was with total hardness and sulphate, where the contents were higher in sediments and the alkalinity, calcium and magnesium contents were higher at Nari than at Newport. The data were subjected by Karl-Pearson correlation coefficient to examine the corelationship in between and among various physical and chemical parameters using SPSS. 15.0.
Brock TD (1979) Ecology of Saline Lakes In: Strategies of Microbial Life in Extreme Environments, Shilo M (ed), Dahlem Konferenzen, Berlin, pp 29-47.
Gunde-Cimerman N, Zalar P, Hoog S, Plemenitas A (2000) Hypersaline waters in salterns-natural ecological niches for halophilic black yeasts, FEMS Microbiol Ecol 32: 235-240.
PedrÏŒs-AliÏŒ C (2004) Trophic Ecology of Solar Salterns In: Halophilic Microorganisms, Ventosa A (ed), Springer-Verlag Heidelberg, pp 33-48.
PedrÏŒs-AliÏŒ C, CalderÏŒ-Paz I, MacLean H, Medina G, Marrase C, Gasol M, Guixa-Boixereu N (2000) The microbial food web along salinity gradients, FEMS Microbiol Ecol 32: 143-155.
Le Borgne S, Paniagua D, Vazquez-Duhalt R (2008) Biodegradation of organic pollutants by halophilic bacteria and Archaea, J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 15(2-3):74-92.
Charatkar SL, Mitra D, Biradar RS, Pikle M (2005) Study of Salt Pan Increment in Gulf of Cambay using GIS" Paper presented at 25th Annual ESRI User International Conference at San Diego, California, USA, July 25-29th.
Ollivier B, Caumette P, Garcia JL, Mah R (1994) Anaerobic bacteria from hypersaline environments, Microbiol Rev 58(1): 27-38.
APHA (American Public Health Association) (2005) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, WEF and AWWA, 20th ed, USA.
Bhandari NS, Nayal K (2007) Correlation study on physico-chemical parameters and quality assessment of Kosi river water, Uttarakhand, E-J Chem 5(2): 342-346.
Kamal D, Khan AN, Rahman MA, Ahamed F (2007) Study on the physico-chemical properties of water of Mouri river, Khulna, Banglaesh, Pak J Biol Sci 10(5): 710-717.
Ochsenreiter T, Pfeifer F, Schleper C (2002) Diversity of Archaea in hypersaline environments characterized by molecular-phylogenetic and cultivation studies, Extremophiles 6: 267-274.
Venugopalam VK, Paulpandian Al (1989) Methods in Hydrobiology In: CAS in Marine Biology, Annamalai University Publications, India, pp 1-134.
Kennedy AC, Smith KL (1995) Soil microbial diversity and the sustainability of agricultural soils, Plant Soil 170: 75-86.