Isolation, screening and characterization of bacteria from Rhizospheric soils for different plant growth promotion (PGP) activities: an in vitro study
Keywords:Rhizobacteria, PGPR, Biofertilizers.
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a group of bacteria that can be found in the rhizosphere, in association with roots which can enhance the growth of plant directly or indirectly. A large number of bacteria including species of Pseudomonas, Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Alcaligenes, Arthrobacter, Burkholderia, Bacillus, Rhizobium and Serratia have reported to enhance plant growth. In the present study, six French bean rhizospheric soil samples were collected from different location of Shimla and Solan in H.P (India). A total of thirty bacteria were isolated and in vitro screening was done for different plant growth promotion activities i.e. phosphate solublization, IAA production, ammonia production, ACC deaminase activity, HCN production and catalase. In the present work twelve bacterial isolates were positive for phosphate solublization. IAA production was shown by almost all the bacterial isolates. Three isolates were positive for ammonia production. ACC deaminase activity was shown by nine isolates. Two isolates were positive for HCN production and all the isolates were found to be catalase positive. Seven isolates were showing maximum plant growth promotion activities and further identified on the basis of colony morphology, Gram staining and biochemical tests. These isolates were identified as Acinetobacter sp., Bacillus sp., Enterobacter sp., Micrococcus sp., and Pseudomonas sp. As PGPR are environmental friendly and offer sustainable approach to increase production of crops and health. Therefore, these isolates can be utilized for biofertilizer formulation under local agro-climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh.