Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis against second instar larvae of Spodoptera litura on different host plants

Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis

  • Zulnorain Sajid Department of Entomology, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Abid Ali Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Usman Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Azhar Mujahid Department of Agriculture and Agribusiness Management, University of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Bilal Jafar Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Adnan Kashif Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Hafiza Sehrish Bashir Institute of Plant Protection (IPP), Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of agriculture, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Qamar Abbas Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Usama Tariq Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Dawood Shakeel Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Yaqoob Sultan Department of Horticulture, Bahauddin Zakariya University (BZU) Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Haseeb Qureshi Institute of Plant Protection (IPP), Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of agriculture, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Noreen Akhtar Department of Entomology, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Abstract

Spodoptera litura is serious pest of many horticultural and agricultural crops. S. litura can cause severe economic loss of crops like cotton, cabbage and okra. Different methods are adopted to control this notorious insect pest throughout the globe but biological control is one of them that proved best against it. In 2019, current study was conducted to check the toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis on 2nd larval instars under laboratory conditions by using different hosts. Mortality data was recorded at 24, 48 and 72 hours of post treatment. The results showed that maximum mortality was recorded on okra (41.46%) followed by cotton (34.67%) and cabbage (23.87%) after 24 hours. After 72 hours of post treatment, maximum mortality of larvae was observed on Bt treated leaves of cabbage than okra. The results indicated that 100% mortality was recorded on cabbage after 72 hours of treatment. Bt treated cabbage leaves were found most effective with 11.21% mortality while cotton gave least effective results with 9.99%. The current study concluded that microbial control is best approach to control insect pest under laboratory as well as field conditions.  

Keywords: Spodoptera litura, Cabbage, Okra, Horticultural crops, Microbial control

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