Response of rice varieties to nitrogen fertilization under irrigation at Talata Mafara, Sudan savanna


  • H. Mani Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture/Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • A. Muhammad Department of Crop Production and Protection, Federal University, Dutsin-ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
  • , B. A. Mahmoud Department of Crop Production and Protection, Federal University, Dutsin-ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
  • A. Usman Federal College of Horticulture, Dadin-kowa, Gombe State, Nigeria



Response, rice, nitrogen fertilization, irrigation and Sudan savanna


A field experiment was conducted during the dry seasons of 2012 and 2013 in Irrigation Research Station, Talata Mafara, Zamfara State, Latitude 12°34ʹ00ʺ N and Longitude 6°04ʹ00ʺ E 488m above sea level in the Sudan savanna agro-ecological zone. The objective of the research was to test the effect of rice varieties to various levels of nitrogen (N) fertilization under irrigation. The experiment was laid out in a Complete Randomize Block Design (CRBD) using split plot arrangement and was replicated three times. Three rice varieties (Faro 44, 45 and 57) were allocated to the main plot and three nitrogen levels (60, 120 and 180 kg N ha-1) were allocated to the sub plot. The gross and net plot sizes were 5 x 4 and 3 x 3 m respectively. Weeds were controlled using Glyphosate as pre-plant, Butachlor as pre-emergence and Orizo plus as post-emergence herbicides and supplemented with hand pulling at 9 WAS. Fertilizer was applied in two split doses. First half was applied at planting using NPK and the remaining half at 6 WAT using Urea (46 % N). Data collected were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and significant means were separated using DMRT at 5 % level of probability. The result of the effect of variety on growth parameters showed that Faro 44 recorded higher days to 50 % anthesis but was significantly (p≤0.05) shorter in height than Faro 57. The effect of the treatment on yield parameters showed that Faro 44 recorded higher thrashing percentage, 1000-grain weight and number of grain panicle-1 significantly (p≤0.05) higher than Faro 45 and 57 in all the seasons. Increasing nitrogen levels from 60 kg N ha-1 significantly increased growth and yield parameters. Application of 180 kg N ha-1 on Faro 44 is hereby recommended for rice growing in the ecological zone.


Download data is not yet available.


Ajijola, S., Usman, J.M., Egbetokun, O.A, Akoun, J., and Osalusi, C.S. (2012). Appraisal of rice production in Nigeria: A case study of north central states of Nigeria. Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research, 3(9), 133–136.

Birhane, A. (2013). Effect of Planting Methods on Yield and Yield Components of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties in Tahtay Koraro Wereda, Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research, 1(5), 1-5.

Dixit, U.C., and Patro, N. (1994). Effect of NPK levels, zinc and plant density on yield attributes and yield of summer rice. Environment and Ecology, 12(1), 72-74.

Fageria, N.K., and Baligar, V.C. (2001). Lowland rice response to nitrogen fertilization. Comm. Soil Science Plant and Animal, 32, 1405-1429.

Food and Agricultural Organization Statistics (FAOSTAT) (2012). Production year book, United Nations.

Goronyo, A.A. (15th May, 2017). Rice production in Nigeria. Leadership Newspaper. Retrieved September 20, 2017, from

Hag, M.T., Sattar M.A., Hossain, M.M., and Hasan, M.M. (2002). Effects of fertilizers and pesticides on growth and yield of rice. Online Journal of Biological Science, 2(2), 84-88.

Hussain, S., Ramzan, M., Rana, M.A., Mann, R.A., and Akhter, M. (2013). Effect of various planting techniques on yield and yield components of rice. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 23(2), 672-674.

Kamara, A.Y., Ekeleme, F., Omoigui, L.O., and Chikoye, D. (2011). Influence of nitrogen fertilization on yield and yield components of rain-fed lowland NERICA® rice in the northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 6(13), 3092-3097.

Khalid, M., Chaudry, F.M., and Abid, H. (2003). Effect of different levels of NPK on the yield and quality of rice cv. IR-6. Journal of Research Science, 14(1), 11-15.

Manzoor, Z., Awan, T.H., Zahid, M.A., and Faiz, F.A. (2006). Response of rice crop (super basmati) to different nitrogen levels. Journal of Animal and Plant Science, 16(1-2), 52-55.

Ndaeyo, N.U, Iboko, K.U., Harry, G. I., and Edem, S. O. (2008). Growth and yield performances of some upland rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars as influenced by varied rates of NPK (15:15:15) fertilizer on an ultisol. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension, 7(3), 249 - 255

Ndon, B.A., and Ndaeyo, N.U. (2001). Evaluation of some cowpea (Vigna unquiculata (L.) Walp) cultivars adaptable to acid soils of Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 7(3), 437-441.

Olaleye, A.O, Akinbola, G.E, Marake, G.E, Molete, S.F., and Mapheshoane, B. (2008). Soil in suitability evaluation for irrigated lowland rice culture in Southwestern Nigeria: Management implications for sustainability. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 39, 2920-2938.

Singh, B.N., Fagade, S.O., Ukwungwu, M.N., Williams, J.C., Olademeji, S.S., and Okhidievbie, A.E. (1997). Rice growing environments and biophysical in Agro–ecological zones of Nigeria. Meteorological Journal, 2, 23-41.

Ubi, W., Ubi, G.M., Ubi, M.W., and Okweche, T. (2016). Growth and yield responses of selected rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties to nitrogen fertilization in Southern Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research and Development. 1(8), 11-16.

Umar, A, Ukwungwu, M.N. and David, T.G. (2013). Response of NERICA rice to fertilizer application at Doko, central Nigeria. E3 Journal of Environmental Research and Management. 4(7), 299-301.

Vange, T, and Obi, I.U. (2006). Effect of planting date on some agronomic traits and grain yield of upland rice varieties at Markurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development, Agriculture and Environment, 2, 1-9.