Opportunies of Urban Horticulture for Poverty Alleviation in Dar es Salaam city, Tanzania  A Case study of Ubungo Municipality


  • Obadia Kyetuza Bishoge School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, PR China.
  • Shaldon Leparan Suntu School of Computer and Communication Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, PR China




Agriculture, smallholder farmers, vegetables, ornamental flowers, production


The study was conducted to explore the opportunities of the urban agriculture focusing on vegetable and ornamental flowers production towards poverty reduction and alleviation in Dar es Salaam city, a case study of Ubungo Municipality. A non-random (availability) and purposive sampling methods were used to select 240 smallholder farmers and 16 local government officers as crucial informants respectively. The data were collected by using observation, questionnaires, interviews and documentary reviews. The collected data were coded and analyzed by using the SPSS. The study revealed that production of urban vegetable and ornamental flowers has a significant positive contribution towards the increase in availability and accessibility of food security, nutrients and income generation for the improvement of essential social services such as water, electricity, health, and education. It is recommended that the government and other stakeholders should recognize and provide more support to this sector for sustainable development


Download data is not yet available.


Anderson, E., Jalles D’Orey, M. A., Duvendack, M. and Esposito, L. (2017) ‘Does Government Spending Affect Income Inequality? a Meta-Regression Analysis’, Journal of Economic Surveys, 103, pp. 60–71.

Birkved, M., Goldstein, B., Hauschild, M. and Fern, J. (2016) ‘Testing the environmental performance of urban agriculture as a food supply in northern climates’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, pp. 984–994.

Brandful, P., Erdiaw-kwasie, M. O. and Amoateng, P. (2015) ‘Rethinking sustainable development within the framework of poverty and urbanisation in developing countries’, Environmental Development journal. Elsevier, 13, pp. 18–32.

Dieleman, H. (2017) ‘Urban agriculture in Mexico City; balancing between ecological, economic, social and symbolic value’, Journal of Cleaner Production. Elsevier, 163, pp. S156–S163.

Dokken, T. and Angelsen, A. (2015) ‘Forest reliance across poverty groups in Tanzania’, Ecological Economics. Elsevier B.V., 117, pp. 203–211.

Fanzo, J. (2012) The Nutrition Challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa, UNDP - Regional Bureau for Africa - Working Paper.

Golden, S. (2013) ‘Urban Agriculture Impacts: Social, Health, and Economic: A Literature Review’, UC Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program, November, pp. 1–22.

Kiduanga, J. and Shomari, A. (2014) ‘Urban Agriculture : Critical Issues Of Land Administration for Expansion of the Farming Of Vegetables in Dar es Salaam’, Journal of the Geographical Association of Tanzania, 36(1), pp. 115–134.

Kontothanasis, G. (2017) ‘Social practices of urban agriculture in the metropolitan region of Thessaloniki’, Procedia Environmental Sciences. Elsevier B.V., 38, pp. 666–673.

Lucci, P., Bhatkal, T. and Khan, A. (2017) ‘Are we underestimating urban poverty ?’, World Development. Elsevier Ltd, 103, pp. 297–310.

Ngo, D. K. L. (2017) ‘A theory-based living standards index for measuring poverty in developing countries’, Journal of Development Economics. Elsevier B.V., 130(October), pp. 190–202.

Rezai, G., Shamsudin, M. N. and Mohamed, Z. (2016) ‘Urban Agriculture : A Way Forward to Food and Nutrition Security in Malaysia’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier B.V., 216(October 2015), pp. 39–45.

Robineau, O. and Dugué, P. (2017) ‘Landscape and Urban Planning A socio-geographical approach to the diversity of urban agriculture in a West African city’, Landscape and Urban Planning. Elsevier, xxx(September), pp. 1–9.

Schmidt, S. (2011) ‘Urban Agriculture in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’, Food Policy for Developing countries, 7–12, p. 10.

Smart, J., Nel, E. and Binns, T. (2015) ‘Economic crisis and food security in Africa: Exploring the significance of urban agriculture in Zambia’s Copperbelt province’, Geoforum. Elsevier Ltd, 65, pp. 37–45.

Storey, M. and Anderson, P. (2017) ‘Total fruit and vegetable consumption increases among consumers of frozen fruit and vegetables’, Nutrition. Elsevier Inc., 46, pp. 115–121.

The World Bank (2016) Poverty Overview. Available at: http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/overview (Accessed: 4 December 2017).

URT (2014) Household Budget Survey Main Report, 2011/12, Tanzania Mainland. Dar es Salaam.

WHO (2015) The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015.