Agriculture and Food Security in Mozambique


  • Jorge Ferrão Universidade Pedagógica, Rua João Carlos Raposo Beirão 135, Maputo, Moçambique
  • Victoria Bell Faculty of Pharmacy, Coimbra University, Pólo das Ciências da Saúde, 3000-548 Coimbra, Portugal
  • Luis Alfaro Cardoso CIISA, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lisbon University, 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal
  • Tito Fernandes CEIL, Lúrio University, Marrere, Nampula, Mozambique



Agriculture, nutrition, food security, poverty


The objective of this short review is to contribute to the debate on the role of agriculture transformation in the development process and as an engine to reduce poverty and improve general wellbeing through better access to nutrients in Mozambique. Agricultural services are organized by Provinces but still there is no accurate data on food production, consumption and trade trends in a large sample. It is recognized the complexity of the food security concept and the need of a multidimensional definition and approach. The increase in agricultural productivity can probably be seen as a necessary but not a sufficient condition to achieve long term food security in Mozambique or Sub-Saharan Africa.  Competing views about the relevance of agriculture for growth and development imply different policy priorities in Africa.


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