Salinity endurance of marine macro Rhodophycean algae with special emphasis on myo-inositol biosynthesis: An enzymological analysis from Halymenia venusta Børgesen
Keywords:Key words: Halymenia venusta, L-myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase, D/L-myo-inositol-1-phosphate phosphatase, marine macro algae, myo-inositol, salinity.
Altered salinity is one the most important perils encountered by marine plants inclusive of algae. Under hyper saline condition plants accumulate several stress relieving osmolytes including myo-inositol, the most widespread cyclitol in plants. The present communication reports the occurrence of myo-inositol biosynthesis in six different Rhodophycean seaweeds growing under stressful intertidal habitats of the Okha coast (Gujarat, India), on the basis of a study conducted on two marker enzymes of myo-inositol biosysnthesis [L-myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase and D/L-myo-inositol-1-phosphate phosphatise]. Both enzymes were partially purified from Halymenia venusta to about 27 and 39 folds respectively over the homogenate following low-speed centrifugation, 30-75% ammonium sulphate fractionation, successive chromatography through DEAE-cellulose / CM-Cellulose, Sephadex G-200 and BioGel 0.5m / UltrogelAcA 34 columns. The temperature and pH optima for both the enzymes were similar and were recorded to be 350C and 7.5 respectively. For MIPS, D-glucose-6-phosphate and NAD were the exclusive substrate and coenzyme respectively and D/L-MIP was the sole substrate for MIPP. The Km values for D-glucsoe-6-phosphate and β-NAD were recorded to be 3.599 mM and 0.2366 mM respectively, while the Km value for D-MIP was found to be 0.4070 mM. Monovalent cations K+ had slight stimulatory, Li+ was strong inhibitory for both the enzymes. Divalent cations Ca2+ exhibited slight stimulatory and Cd2+ reduced MIPS and MIPP activities. MIPP was stimulated by Mg2+. Cu2+ and Hg2+ were strong inhibitors of both the enzymes. A steady and proportionate increase in the content of free myo-inositol was observed along with elevated levels of recorded salinity.