CORRELATION AND HERITABILITY ESTIMATION OF VARIOUS SEEDLING TRAITS IN BRASSICA NAPUS L. UNDER WATER DEFICIT CONDITIONS
Brassica napus L. contains edible oil ensuring safe limits for human health. But farmers prefer to use their fertile land for main crops and only marginal lands for oilseed. Those marginal lands usually face water scarcity and other a-biotic stresses that affect the normal growth and development of plant. Here we tested three levels of water deficit stress (control, medium and high) under controlled conditions. Seedlings were analyzed for various seedling traits to measure the relative effect of different levels water deficit stress. Graphical trends depicts that increasing level of water deficit stress causes declines in leaf area, root length, shoot length, fresh and dry weight of roots and shoots. Correlation coefficients exposed positive significant correlation of fresh shoot weight with chlorophyll contents, relative water contents, leaf area and shoot length at both genotypic and phenotypic level. Path coefficient analysis displayed high direct effects on fresh shoot weight were due to relative water content, root to shoot ratio. Chlorophyll contents, relative water content, leaf area, root length and shoot length showed high broad sense heritability (h2BS) coupled with high genetic advance (GA). These traits could be focused while breeding for water deficit conditions.