Livelihood Diversification: A Panacea to Food Security by Rural Farmers in Osun State


  • O. C. Olaniyan Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • J. O. Oyedele Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • O. S. Akintobi Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria



Food security, Women, Livelihood, Livelihood diversification, Nigeria


The study analyzed the livelihood diversification of rural women to improve food security in Osun state Nigeria. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select 129 respondents for this study. Primary data for this study were collected through an interview schedule. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square as well as linear regression was used to test the hypotheses. Results revealed the need to increase family income and ensuring family food security was the highest reason for diversifying livelihood. The result further showed crop production and crop processing are the highest income for rural women. The data revealed the rural women in Osun state are not economically secure and the hypotheses showed that the monthly income from primary occupation determines the economic security of the rural women, trading as a form of livelihood diversification contributed positively to the food security of the rural women. The research concluded that livelihood diversification influences the economic security of rural women and diversification to trading contributed significantly to their economic security. It is recommended that the provision of favorable farming conditions and accessibility to loans at reduced interest rates will improve rural women’s economic security in Osun State, Nigeria.


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