An analytical study of food security indicators for farm households in the coastal area of Syria
Keywords:Food Security, Food Security Indicators, Coping Strategies, Food Consumption Score, Syria
As Syria enters its tenth year of crisis, the problem of food insecurity has increased and has become a critical issue at the local and global levels. The aim of this research is to measure the farm households’ food security status in the coastal area, using a set of internationally approved measures, which are the Food Consumption Score (FCS), the Reduced Coping Strategies Index (rCSI), and the Consolidated Approach to Reporting Indicators of Food Security (CARI). The research relied on collected preliminary field data using a questionnaire form during the months of October and November of 2019, the study was conducted on a random sample of 382 farm households distributed between Lattakia and Tartous governorates based on their percentage of the total number of households. The results showed that the food consumption score gave the lowest level of food insecurity among households, followed by the Food Security Index of the Consolidated Approach to Reporting Indicators of Food Security. While the reduced coping Strategies Index gave the highest level of household food insecurity, where the value of these three indicators was 20.6, 21.6, 47.2% respectively. The study recommended the necessity of using multiple indicators to measure the different dimensions of food security, and that the combination of indicators can improve the measurement of food insecurity, as this reduces the false possibilities, whether positive or negative, and the misclassification of households’ food security status.
Bayram, M., & Gök, Y. (2020). The effects of the War on the Syrian Agricultural Food Industry Potential. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 8(7), 1448-1462. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf. v8i7.1448-1462.3278
Cafiero, C., Melgar‐Quiñonez, H. R., Ballard, T. J., & Kepple, A. W. (2014). Validity and reliability of food security measures. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1331(1), 230-248. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12594
FAO. (2017). Counting the cost, Agriculture in Syria after six years of crisis. http://www.fao.org/3/b-i7081e.pdf
FAO. (2019). Special Report, FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to the Syrian Arab Republic. http://www.fao.org/3/ca5934en/ca5934en.pdf
Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610.
Landis, J. R., & Koch, G. G. (1977). The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics, 33(1), 159-174.
Maxwell, D., & Caldwell, R. (2008). The Coping Strategies Index: Field Methods Manual. (2nd ed.). USA: Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere, Inc. Retrieved from https://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/manual_guide_proced/wfp211058.pdf
Maxwell, D., Coates, J., & Vaitla, B. (2013). How do different indicators of household food security compare? Empirical evidence from Tigray. Medford: Tufts University. Retrieved from https://fic.tufts.edu/assets/Different-Indicators-of-HFS.pdf
NAPC. (2013). National Agriculture Policy Center: Food Security Assessment and prospect in Syria, Damascus, Syria. Retrieved from http://www.napcsyr.gov.sy/dwnld-files/policy_studies/en/31_food_ security_prospects_en.pdf
SCPR. (2019). Syrian Center for Policy Research: Food Security and Conflict in Syria, Beirut, Lebanon. Retrieved from https://www.scpr-syria.org/download/food-security-and-conflict-in-syria-english/?v=2703
WFP. (2008). Technical guidance sheet: Food Consumption Score Analysis. Retrieved from http://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/manual_guide_proced/wfp197216.pdf
WFP. (2015). Technical guide note: Consolidated Approach to Reporting Indicators of Food Security (CARI) 2nd Edition. Retrieved from https://www.wfp.org/publications/consolidated-approach-reporting-indicators-food-security-cari-guidelines
World Food Summit. (1996). Rome Declaration on World Food Security. 13-17 November, World Food Summit, Rome.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Leen Almukaddem, Jamal Alali, Wael Habib
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.