Problems and use of cyanobacteria for environmental improvement – A Review

  • Diana Indah Kusumawati Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Sarwoko Mangkoedihardjo Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1790-6477

Abstract

Cyanobacteria were considered harmful to other living organisms, due to their microcystin content. In addition, uncontrolled populations of cyanobacteria, also known as algal blooms, occur both naturally and as a result of human activity, leading to the development of more complex problems. These microorganisms are currently receiving a lot of attention, as several investigations have considered successful applications of reducing exposure to nature, causing reduced risks to ecosystems, and providing benefits to human life. This study aims to provide answers to current problems, by providing a different perspective on cyanobacteria. Furthermore, it is for the benefits of cyanobacteria for the environment in accordance with the recommendations in some of the literature on previous research results.

Keywords: cyanobacteria, algae bloom, microcystin, harmful, utilization

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