Effect of farm yard manure and planting densities on growth, yield and quality of okra under natural farming

  • Shariq Mahmood Alam Horticultural Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad 45500, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Arshad Ullah, Syed Ishtiaq Haider Land Resources Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad 45500, Pakistan
  • Nausherwan N. Nawab, Syeda Sana Aamir Horticultural Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad 45500, Pakistan
  • Imdad Ali Mahmood Land Resources Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad 45500, Pakistan


A field study was conducted to investigate the effect of farm yard manure and planting densities (P x P 10, 15, 20 and 25 cm and R x R 60 cm) under natural farming condition at National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad during 2016. The land was incorporated with well rotten farm yard manure (FYM) @ 25 t ha-1 in respective plots (4 x 8 meter) one week before bed preparation and mixed thoroughly in the soil. Seeds of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L., var. Pusa Green) were sown according to the plan following split plot design with four replications. The crop was allowed to stand till maturity and data on growth traits were recorded. Among plant densities, 10 and 15 cm P x P and FYM incorporation @ 25 t ha-1 produced comparable fresh pod yield (11.22 and 10.97 t ha-1, respectively) which was 25 and 24 % higher than that of without FYM application. Dense populated crop i.e., 10 and 15 cm P x P performed better than rest of planting densities through improved fresh pod yield with comparatively improved quality. Dense populated treatment (P x P 10 cm) and FYM application @ 25 t ha-1 produced better quality fruits with less crude fiber content (9.89 %) and higher moisture content (79.14%) as compared to without FYM application (10.93 and 77.49 %) respectively that indicates more accumulation of dry matter content in fruits.

Keywords: Okra; Organic Farming; Planting Densities; Farm Yard Manure; Growth; Fresh Pod Yield; Quality


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How to Cite
Alam, S. M., M. A. U. Syed Ishtiaq Haider, N. N. N. Syeda Sana Aamir, and I. A. Mahmood. “Effect of Farm Yard Manure and Planting Densities on Growth, Yield and Quality of Okra under Natural Farming”. Horticultural Biotechnology Research, Vol. 5,  , pp. 14-16, doi:https://doi.org/10.25081/hbr.2019.v5.5500.
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