Efficacy of value added foxtail millet therapeutic food in the management of diabetes and dyslipidamea in type 2 diabetic patients

  • M V Jali Diabetes Center KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum- 590010, India.
  • M Y Kamatar National Agricultural Innovation Project, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580 005, Karnataka State, India
  • Sujata M Jali Diabetes Center KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum- 590010, India.
  • M B Hiremath Diabetes Center KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum- 590010, India.
  • Rama K Naik National Agricultural Innovation Project, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580 005, Karnataka State, India

Abstract

Introduction: The dietary strategies aim at improving both diabetes control and cardiovascular risk factors is the use of low–glycemic index diets. Diet has been the sheet anchor in the management of diabetes. We studied the effect of increasing the intake of millet based diet in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: In a randomized, crossover study, we assigned 300 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus to follow millet based  diabetic diet, each for 90 days: a diet containing moderate amounts of fiber similar to as recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA). The diet is being prepared in a research laboratory of NAIP of UAS Dharwad. We compared the effects of the millet based diet on glycemic control and plasma lipid concentrations. Fasting plasma total cholesterol and triglycerides were measured. Cholesterol in the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) fraction was estimated.

Results: Compliance with the diets was excellent. The millet based diet lowered HbA1c (19.14%), fasting glucose (13.5 %), insulin (1.9%) concentrations, total cholesterol concentrations (13.25 %), triglyceride concentrations (13.51%), and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations by 4.5 percent in the patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the group did not differ for changes in body weight.

Conclusions: A high intake of millet based dietary fiber, improves glycemic control, decreases hyperinsulinemia, and lowers plasma lipid concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetics, glycemic index, foxtail millet diet

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

M V Jali, Diabetes Center KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum- 590010, India.
Diabetes Center KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum- 590010, India.
M Y Kamatar, National Agricultural Innovation Project, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580 005, Karnataka State, India
National Agricultural Innovation Project, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580 005, Karnataka State, India
Sujata M Jali, Diabetes Center KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum- 590010, India.
Diabetes Center KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum- 590010, India.
M B Hiremath, Diabetes Center KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum- 590010, India.
Diabetes Center KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum- 590010, India.
Rama K Naik, National Agricultural Innovation Project, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580 005, Karnataka State, India
National Agricultural Innovation Project, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580 005, Karnataka State, India
Statistics
209 Views | 279 Downloads
How to Cite
Jali, M., M. Kamatar, S. Jali, M. Hiremath, and R. Naik. “Efficacy of Value Added Foxtail Millet Therapeutic Food in the Management of Diabetes and Dyslipidamea in Type 2 Diabetic Patients”. Recent Research in Science and Technology, Vol. 4, no. 7, Nov. 2012, http://updatepublishing.com/journal/index.php/rrst/article/view/902.
Section
Articles