Effect of mixed cropping of water yam (Dioscorea alata) on Ganoderma disease of oil palm
Keywords:Basal stem rot, Ganoderma boninense, mixed cropping, water yam
Basal stem rot caused by a soil-borne fungus, Ganoderma boninense, is one of the most severe diseases in monoculture oil palm plantations. The effect of mixed cropping with water yam on infection and inoculum potential of Ganoderma boninense on oil palm seedlings was assessed under a pot experiment. Plant inoculation with rubber woodblock (RWB)-colonized Ganoderma induced disease on both mixed cropped hosts (multiple host infection), but with less severe root necrotic and less plant mortality relative to inoculation on a single oil palm host. Inoculum potential of the pathogen was reduced under mixed cropping, as shown by more considerable RWB decay than a single host, and the fungal survival was suppressed to be 55% for 12 months trial. Water yam mixed cropping did not interfere with the growth of the inoculated oil palm seedling. This study revealed the multiple host infection under mixed cropping with water yam suppressed damage caused by Ganoderma boninense to oil palm as the primary host.
Alesia, M., Suwandi, S., & Suparman, S. (2021). Decaying activity of Ganoderma boninense wood inoculum on mixed planting of oil palm seedling and taro plants. Sainmatika, 18, 108-115. https://doi.org/10.31851/sainmatika.v17i3.5737
Ariffin, D., & Seman, I. A. (1991). A selective medium for isolation of Ganoderma from diseased tissues. International Palm Oil Conference, Progress, Prospects and Challenges towards the 21st Century (pp. 517-519). MPOB.
Gibson, A. K., & Nguyen, A. E. (2021). Does genetic diversity protect host populations from parasites? A meta-analysis across natural and agricultural systems. Evolution Letters, 5(1), 16-32. https://doi.org/10.1002/evl3.206
Kamu, A., Phin, C. K., Seman, I. A., Gabda, D., & Mun, H. C. (2021). Estimating the yield loss of oil palm due to Ganoderma basal stem rot disease by using Bayesian model averaging. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 33(1), 46-55. https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2020.0061
Loyd, A. L., Linder, E., Anger, N. A., Richter, B, S., Blanchette, R. A., & Smith, J. A. (2018). Pathogenicity of Ganoderma species on landscape trees in the Southeastern United States. Plant Disease, 102(10), 1944-1949. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-02-18-0338-RE
Midot, F., Lau, S. Y. L., Wong, W. C., Tung, H. J., Yap, M. L., Lo, M. L., Jee, M. S., Dom, S. P., & Melling, L. (2019). Genetic diversity and demographic history of Ganoderma boninense in oil palm plantations of Sarawak, Malaysia inferred from ITS regions. Microorganisms, 7, 464. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7100464
Miller, R. N. G., Holderness, M., & Bridge, P. D. 2000. Molecular and morphological characterization of Ganoderma in oil-palm plantings. In J. Flood, P. D. Bridge & M. Holderness (Eds.), Ganoderma Diseases of Perennial Crops (pp. 159-182). Wallingford, UK: CABI.
Naidu, Y., Siddiqui, Y., Rafii, M. Y., Saud, H. M., & Idris A. S. (2017). Investigating the effect of white-rot hymenomycetes biodegradation on basal stem rot infected oil palm wood blocks: Biochemical and anatomical characterization. Industrial Crops and Products, 108, 872-882. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.064
Priwiratama, H., Prasetyo, A. E., & Susanto, A. (2020). Incidence of basal stem rot disease of oil palm in converted planting areas and control treatments. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 468, 012036. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/468/1/012036
Pujianto, Achmad, W. S., Dafian, P., Syaiful, Suhardi, Putri, A. W., & Caliman, J. P. (2016). Impact of mineral nutrition management on Ganoderma incidence in oil palm planted on peat soil. The 15th International Peat Congress (pp. 75-78). International Peatland Society.
Rahmadhani, T. P., Suwandi, S., & Suparman, S. (2020). Growth responses of oil palm seedling inoculated with Ganoderma boninense under competition with edible herbaceous plants. Journal of Scientific Agriculture, 4, 45-49. https://doi.org/10.25081/jsa.2020.v4.6231
Rees, R. W., Flood, J., Hasan, Y., & Cooper, R. M. (2007). Effects of inoculum potential, shading and soil temperature on root infection of oil palm seedlings by the basal stem rot pathogen Ganoderma boninense. Plant Pathology, 56(5), 862-870. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01621.x
Rees, R. W., Flood, J., Hasan, Y., Potter, U., & Cooper, R. M. (2009). Basal stem rot of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis); mode of root infection and lower stem invasion by Ganoderma boninense. Plant Pathology, 58(5), 982-989. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02100.x
Rees, R.W., Flood, J., Hasan, Y., Wills, M.A., & Cooper, R.M. (2012), Ganoderma boninense basidiospores in oil palm plantations: evaluation of their possible role in stem rots of Elaeis guineensis. Plant Pathology, 61(3), 567-578. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02533.x
Riyanto, Sartini, & Nasution, J. (2020). Oil palm yield in related to plant density and Ganoderma boninense infection in Simalungun and Asahan plantations, North Sumatera, Indonesia. European Journal of Biology and Medical Science Research, 8, 1-7.
Siddiqui, Y., Surendran, A., Paterson, R. R. M., Ali, A., & Ahmad, K. (2021). Current strategies and perspectives in detection and control of basal stem rot of oil palm. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 28(5), 2840-2849. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.02.016
Silva, M. K. R., Jayasinghe, C. K., & Tennakoon, B. I. (2014). Evaluation of the antagonistic effect of different plant species on white root disease causing fungus: Rigidoporus microporus. Journal of the Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 94, 25-32. https://doi.org/10.4038/jrrisl.v94i0.1822
Situmorang, A., Suryaningtyas, H., & Febbianti, T. R. (2007). The control of white root disease using antagonistic plant on rubber plantation. International Workshop on White Root Disease of Hevea Rubber (pp. 82-86). IRRDB.
Suwandi, S. (2007). Mode of dispersal and variation in population of white root fungus Rigidoporus microporus as revealed by mycelial incompatibility. International Workshop on White Root Disease of Hevea Rubber (pp. 68-75). IRRDB.
Suwandi, S., Munandar, R. P., Suparman, S., Irsan, C., & Muslim, A. (2022). Mixed planting with rhizomatous plants interferes with Ganoderma disease in oil palm. Journal of Oil Palm Research, In Press. https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2022.0043
Teuscher, M., Gérard, A., Brose, U., Buchori, D., Clough, Y., Ehbrecht, M., Hölscher, D., Irawan, B., Sundawati, L., Wollni, M., & Kreft, H. (2016). Experimental biodiversity enrichment in oil-palm-dominated landscapes in Indonesia. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7, 1538. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01538
Wu, L., Chen, J., Wu, H., Qin, X., Wang, J., Wu, Y., Khan, M. U., Lin, S., Xiao, Z., Luo, X., Zhang, Z., & Lin, W. (2016). Insights into the regulation of rhizosphere bacterial communities by application of bio-organic fertilizer in Pseudostellaria heterophylla monoculture regime. Frontiers in Microbiology, 7, 1788. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01788
Yang, M., Zhang, Y., Qi, L., Mei, X., Liao, J., Ding, X., Deng, W., Fan, L., He, X., Vivanco, J. M., Li, C., Zhu, Y., & Zhu, S. (2014). Plant-plant-microbe mechanisms involved in soil-borne disease suppression on a maize and pepper intercropping system. PloS one, 9(12), e115052. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115052
Yang, T., Siddique, K. H. M., & Liu, K. (2020). Cropping systems in agriculture and their impact on soil health - A review. Global Ecology and Conservation, 23, e01118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01118
Yulianti, S., Suwandi, S., & Nurhayati, N. (2017). Suppression ability of herbaceous plants on inoculum potential of Rigidoporus microporus. Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia, 13(3), 81-88. https://doi.org/10.14692/jfi.13.3.81
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Rahmad Fadli, Suwandi Suwandi, Nurhayati Nurhayati, A. Muslim, Chandra Irsan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.