Can antimalarial, antiviral and anti-respiratory infections Cameroonian medicinal plants be used as one of the potential ways to cure COVID-19? Pharmacological and ethnomedicinal proof

  • Tsobou Roger Department of Plant Biology, University of Dschang, P.O. Box 67 Dschang, Cameroon
  • Hamawa Yougouda Department of Agriculture, Livestock and Derived Products, National advanced School of Engineering, The University of Maroua, P.O. Box 46 Maroua, Cameroon
  • Fawa Guidawa Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon, P.O. Box 454 Ngaoundere, Cameroon
  • Tatsimo Ndendoung Simplice Joël Department of Chemistry, Higher Teachers' Training College, University of Maroua P.O. Box 55, Maroua Cameroon
  • Avana Tientcheu Marie-Louise Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, P.O. Box 222, Dschang, Cameroon
  • Wouokoue Taffo Junior Baudoin Department of Plant Biology, University of Dschang, P.O. Box 67 Dschang, Cameroon
  • Mapongmetsem Pierre Marie Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon, P.O. Box 454 Ngaoundere, Cameroon
  • Van Damme Patrick Department of Plant Production, Laboratory of Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture and Ethnobotany, Ghent University, Belgium, Coupure links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium; Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, Prague 6 –, 165 21 Suchdol, Czech Republic

Abstract

COVID-19 is a severe acute respiratory syndrome-related corona-virus SARS-CoV-2, that constitutes a pandemic threat to global public health. Unfortunately, there are no specific available therapies. This research work presents the findings of an investigation on traditional Cameroonian remedies of respiratory tract infections, malaria and viral infections, and also recipes that could serve as a baseline for the prevention, alleviate symptoms, treatment and perhaps may help for the anti-COVID-19 drugs discovery. Data on the medicinal plants were collected from traditional healers, Cameroonian medicinal plants books, the internet, and in addition to our personal experience as researchers and herbalists. Details of 85 plant species used to manage these three mentioned diseases in Cameroon and their pharmacological properties are recorded. Due to their ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological activities, twenty-eight (28) plant species and 13 recipes are suggested for COVID-19 prevention, alleviate symptoms, treatment and baseline for anti-COVID-19 drug discovery. Amongst the proposed plants we have the following, Curcuma longa, Azadirachta indica, Zingiber officinale, Allium sativum and Ocimum gratissimum which were reported to possess certain inhibition properties against COVID-19 protease.

Keywords: COVID-19 disease, antimalarial, antiviral, anti-respiratory, Cameroonian medicinal, plants

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How to Cite
Roger, T., H. Yougouda, F. Guidawa, T. Simplice Joël, A. Marie-Louise, W. Junior Baudoin, M. Pierre Marie, and V. D. Patrick. “Can Antimalarial, Antiviral and Anti-Respiratory Infections Cameroonian Medicinal Plants Be Used As One of the Potential Ways to Cure COVID-19? Pharmacological and Ethnomedicinal Proof”. Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine, Vol. 6, July 2020, pp. 61-85, doi:https://doi.org/10.25081/jmhe.2020.v6.6240.
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Research Article