Volatile oil composition of four popular varieties of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.)

  • A K Vijayan ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research Marikunnu P.O., Kozhikode-673 012, Kerala, India
  • N K Leela ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research Marikunnu P.O., Kozhikode-673 012, Kerala, India
  • M Dhanalakshmi ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research Marikunnu P.O., Kozhikode-673 012, Kerala, India
  • H J Akshitha ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research Marikunnu P.O., Kozhikode-673 012, Kerala, India
  • R Rahul ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research Marikunnu P.O., Kozhikode-673 012, Kerala, India
  • P Utpala ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research Marikunnu P.O., Kozhikode-673 012, Kerala, India
  • K N Babu ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research Marikunnu P.O., Kozhikode-673 012, Kerala, India

Abstract

In the present study volatile oil profile of the four popular varities of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) namely Sawney, Varlangey, Ramla and Ramsey were studied in detail. The capsules contained 58.1- 68.1% seeds and 1.2-2.8% essential oil. By GC-MS analysis 23 constituents of the oil were identified with 1, 8- cineole as the chief component. Major constituents of the oil were ?-pinene (1.7-6.5%), ? - pinene (4.0-11.1%), 1, 8- cineole (63.2-73.4%) and ?- terpineol (5.6-7.6%). The oil contained high level of 1, 8- cineole when compared to small cardamom (Elettaria cardamomMaton). ? -Terpinyl acetate, the chief component of small cardamom oil was not detected in large cardamom.

 

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VIJAYAN, A K et al. Volatile oil composition of four popular varieties of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops, [S.l.], v. 26, n. 1, p. 37-43, june 2017. ISSN 0971-3328. Available at: <https://updatepublishing.com/journals/index.php/josac/article/view/805>. Date accessed: 23 feb. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.25081/josac.2017.v26.i1.805.
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