Research in Plant Biology en-US (Managing Editor) (Managing Editor) Mon, 02 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0530 OJS 60 Morpho-agronomic variability, traits association and path analysis in Rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus Schleid.) genotypes from Ethiopia <p>Forty-five rosemary genotypes collected from different parts of Ethiopia were evaluated for quantitative morphological traits to estimate the genetic variability, heritability and association of characters. The genotypes displayed significant differences for all of the studied traits, showing the presence of wide variability among the tested genotypes. The genotypic and phenotypic coefficients of variation were found to be medium and high for all growth and yield traits except for leaf length. Moderately high to high broad-sense heritability (0.66 -0.97) coupled with moderate to high genetic advance as a percent of the mean (10.37 -79.14) values were found for all traits. Correlation coefficient and path coefficient analysis revealed that characters vis. branch number plant<sup>-1</sup>, fresh leaf weight plant<sup>-1</sup>, dry leaf weight plant<sup>-1</sup>, fresh leaf yield ha<sup>-1</sup>, and essential oil content had a high positive direct effect and significant positive association with essential oil yield ha<sup>-1</sup>. Thus direct selection for these traits would be quite effective for essential oil yield enhancement in rosemary. In general, the studied accessions were diverse in nature and could be exploited in the conservation, breeding and commercialization of the crop.</p> Zewdinesh Damtew Zigene, Bizuayehu Tesfaye Asfaw, Tesfaye Disasa Bitima Copyright (c) 2023 Zewdinesh Damtew Zigene, Bizuayehu Tesfaye Asfaw, Tesfaye Disasa Bitima Fri, 17 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0530 Foliar epidermal studies in the family Sapindaceae Juss. in South Western Nigeria <p>A comparative study of leaf epidermal features of selected species of the family Sapindaceae in Nigeria was undertaken with a view to obtain additional characters for the elucidation of taxonomic relationships, delimiting species and identification of the taxa. The epidermises were separated from the mesophyll by soaking in concentrated Nitric acid. Bubble appearance on the surfaces of the leaves indicated their readiness for separation. They were then rinsed in water thrice before the layers were separated with the aid of forceps and Camel hair brush, stained with Safranin O. It was then mounted in 25% glycerol on clean glass slides, covered with cover slips. The micro morphological characters of leaf were more or less uniform in all taxa in the family. The adaxial cuticle was striated in most species. The polygonal epidermal cells with straight anticlinal walls on the adaxial surface of <em>Cardiosermum halicacabum </em>separated it from the other species with irregular shaped epidermal cells. Undulated anticlinal walls were observed on both surfaces. The leaves were hypostomatic in most species except in <em>C. halicacabum </em>where amphistomaty was observed. Stomata types included anomocytic, tetracytic and staurocytic but the anomocytic stomata were the most predominant.</p> Taoheed Kolawole Muftaudeen, Mustapha Modu Bulama, Emmanuel Abiodun Ayodele, Akinwumi Johnson Akinloye Copyright (c) 2023 Taoheed Kolawole Muftaudeen, Mustapha Modu Bulama, Emmanuel Abiodun Ayodele, Akinwumi Johnson Akinloye Wed, 08 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0530 Application of Chemometrics and HPLC Fingerprint for Species Differentiation and Authentication of the Genus Pterocarpus <p><em>Pterocarpus </em>species are well known for their nutritional and medicinal values, in order to examine the similarities or differences in the chemical profile of some common <em>Pterocarpus </em>species, four species of the genus namely; <em>Pterocarpus erinaceus, P. mildbraedii, P. osun </em>and <em>P. santalinoides </em>were analyzed using HPLC combined with Principal component analysis (PCA) and Hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA). This study aims to investigate the chemical fingerprints of the species and compare them in order to highlight the similarities in their chemical constituents. The ethanol extract of each sample was taken and filtered through a 0.45 μm millipore membrane filter and then transferred into the HPLC vial before injecting it into the HPLC machine. PCA and HCA were performed on the relative retention times and percentage peak composition. The species were chemically similar with nine (9) peaks in common, the most prominent peaks in all samples appeared at 3.26 min which corresponds to gallic acid (a known compound). Cluster analysis revealed some similar chemical variables with Gallic acid being the major compound in the <em>Pterocarpus </em>species and could be used as a marker compound for taxonomic purposes.</p> Taoheed Kolawole Muftaudeen, Adamu Aliyu, Jemilat A. Ibrahim Copyright (c) 2023 Taoheed Kolawole Muftaudeen, Adamu Aliyu, Jemilat A. Ibrahim Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +0530 Taxonomic significance of leaf architecture in the genus Basella Linn. in Nigeria <p>This study seeks to use the leaf architecture as a taxonomic tool for members of the genus <em>Basella </em>Linn. in Nigeria, namely, <em>B. rubra </em>Linn., <em>B. alba </em>Linn., <em>B. cordifolia </em>Lamk. and a form, <em>B. alba </em>round because the taxonomy of the genus <em>Basella </em>Linn. is not clear and there is no information on the leaf architecture of the genus. For studies of the venation pattern of the leaves, sizeable portions were taken from the standard median portion of mature leaves. Cleared leaves were stored in 50% alcohol for anatomical studies. Leaves were stained in Safranin O for 3 minutes and counterstained in Alcian blue and then were rinsed in water to remove excess stain. Stained cleared leaves were treated in serial grades of alcohol for differentiation and dehydration. Stained materials were mounted in dilute glycerol for microscopic examination. Photomicrographs were taken with the aid of 3013 ACCU-SCOPE Trinocular Microscope with Digital Camera. The areolar area was calculated from the length and breadth of the areoles measured using a micrometer inserted into the microscope eyepiece. <em>Basella </em>species have common generic features. Areoles are closed in <em>B. rubra </em>but others have veinlet endings. The area of areole is diagnostic because in <em>B. rubra </em>the area is 305,370±1808.91 μm<sup>2</sup>; <em>B. alba </em>is 501,796.75±3217.38 μm<sup>2</sup>, <em>B. cordifolia</em>’s area of areole is 396,394.75±2670.67 μm<sup>2</sup> while that of <em>B. alba </em>round is 540,058.75±3702.28 μm<sup>2</sup>. The arrangement of druses in the areoles is also diagnostic.</p> Taiwo Ayomipo Adenegan-Alakinde Copyright (c) 2023 Taiwo Ayomipo Adenegan-Alakinde Fri, 06 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0530 Vegetative anatomy of five domesticated members of the genus Cucurbita (Linn.) in Southwestern Nigeria <p>The vegetative anatomy of five domesticated species of the genus <em>Cucurbita </em>L. found in South Western Nigeria was studied. The aim was to establish some useful diagnostic features that may be employed in combination with other characters as intra or inter-specific or generic tools for their delimitation. The study revealed exciting features that are helpful in the identification of each species. The genus can be divided into three groups based on the shape of the midrib. Those with a U-shape are <em>C. pepo</em>, <em>C</em>. <em>argyrosperma </em>and <em>C</em>. <em>ficifolia</em>. <em>C. maximum </em>has a round/flat shape while <em>C. moschata </em>has V shape. Those with a U-shape can further be classed into those with a wide and narrow neck. <em>C</em>. <em>argyrosperma </em>has narrow neck with two vascular bundles, four layers of palisade tissues and 6 layers of abaxial epidermis. <em>C. pepo </em>has a wide neck with three bicollateral bundles and two layers of palisade tissues while <em>C</em>. <em>ficifolia </em>has two bundles and three layers of palisade tissues. Overlaps and similarities in the number of vascular bundles, and layers of tissues showed generic affinity among the members.</p> Adejoke O. Baderinwa-Adejumo , Taiwo A. Adenegan-Alakinde Copyright (c) 2023 Adejoke O. Baderinwa-Adejumo , Taiwo A. Adenegan-Alakinde Tue, 17 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0530