Current Botany <p>The Current Botany [ISSN: 2220-4822] is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal that publishes quality articles in all the areas of plant science research. The journal welcomes the submission of original manuscripts (Please see <a href="">Plagiarism Policy</a>) that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence.</p> <p>See the detailed <a href=""><strong>Aims and Scope</strong></a> of Current Botany.</p> <p><a href="">Click Here</a> to submit your article to the Current Botany</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Caution: </strong>The Editorial Office of Current Botany receives compliments from the authors that they receive e-mail with fake promises on acceptance guarantee, fast publication and that could include a request to submit articles by mail. Authors should aware of these fake promises. The manuscript should be submitted through the <a href="">online submission portal</a> not by mail and the submission, status and technical queries should be sent only to <a href=""></a>. All the submitted manuscripts will be subjected to plagiarism screening (iThenticate) and peer-review process by a minimum of two reviewers.</p> <p> </p> <p> <strong>Announcements</strong></p> <p> <strong>Current Botany [ISSN: 2220-4822] has been indexed in:</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">UGC-CARE List</li> <li class="show">AGRIS (FAO)</li> </ul> en-US (Managing Editor) (Managing Editor) Tue, 03 Jan 2023 11:04:43 +0530 OJS 60 Embryo maturation, dormancy and seed storage behaviour of Gymnacranthera canarica (King) Warb., a threatened endemic tree species of Southern Western Ghats <p><em>Gymnacranthera canarica </em>is a severely endangered endemic tree species found in the Myristica swamps of the Southern Western Ghats. Seed storage behaviour is an essential factor to consider when developing effective conservation methods for plant genetic resources whose <em>ex-situ </em>preservation is unclear. The seed storage behaviour, seed dormancy state, dormancy breaking treatments, germination, and phytohormonal analysis of <em>G. canarica </em>were explored in this work. <em>G. canarica </em>seed moisture at shedding was 28.86%, germinated to 34% at 25ºC, and had a low germination rate in natural conditions. Germination was considerably aided by Gibberellic acid pretreatment and drying stratification. <em>G. canarica </em>seeds may have non-deep simple morphophysiological dormancy, as evidenced by the fact that their embryos grew at temperatures between 20 and 25ºC (MPD). Seeds can be stored for up to 60 days at 20ºC after being desiccated to 19.37% suggest that <em>G. canarica </em>seeds are recalcitrant, with non-deep simple morphophysiological dormancy, and that seed pretreatment with Gibberellic acid prior to germination could be a viable approach for mass propagation and long term <em>ex-situ </em>conservation could be the potential storage of this critically endangered species.</p> S. Anusha, C. Anilkumar, A. Gangaprasad Copyright (c) 2023 S. Anusha, C. Anilkumar, A. Gangaprasad Tue, 03 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0530 A concise study on the floral biology of Thevetia peruviana morphovariants <p><em>Thevetia peruviana</em>, an ornamental medicinal plant of the family Apocynaceae blooms in different colour shades of yellow, orange and white, and is considered morphological replicas of its original parental type. A concise morpho-anatomical study has been carried out on the floral biology of these three morphovariants emphasizing biometrics of various floral parts, the architecture of corolla tube and corolline corona, adnation of anther stigmatic head complex and ovule to embryo formation, using the hand as well as microtome sections, to analyze the similarities and differences among these specimens. Appendiculate and smooth walled hairs in corolla tube, germination of pollen grains in a lateral stigmatic notch, appression of anther lobes on 10-lobed incompletely fused stigma, triaperturate pollen grains, ovule developmental stages, entry of pollen tube into ovule, attachment of funicle on placenta etc are some of the enchanting valuable scientific observations under light microscopy. Gross morphological variations noted in the overall size of various floral parts are regarded as negligible ones, which may happen due to environmental factors. Floral morphology alone is insufficient to give distinct varietal status in the hierarchy of classification, but corolla shades, of course, are of prime importance for phenotypic differentiation, and a multidisciplinary approach will help to expose untapped characters, useful for future studies below the rank at the subspecies level.</p> E. A. Nesy, Lizzy Mathew Copyright (c) 2023 E. A. Nesy, Lizzy Mathew Thu, 09 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0530 In silico molecular docking and in vitro antimicrobial efficacy of phytochemical compounds of Lantana camara Linn. <p>The rise of multi-drug resistant bacteria and the extensive use of antibiotics has become a serious threat worldwide. The side effect of antibiotics swirled the researchers towards traditional medicine to find a therapeutic agent with antibacterial activity. The phytochemical compound from medicinal plants paves a way for the novel antibacterial agent. In the present study, <em>in silico</em> molecular docking of phytochemical compounds identified through GC-MS analysis and <em>in vitro</em> antibacterial efficacy of ethanolic leaf extract of <em>Lantana camara</em> were evaluated. <em>In silico</em> docking studies of 11 Phyto-ligands were carried out against 4 motifs- 1PHO, 5I5H, 5UW2 and 6NTW of <em>Escherichia coli</em> to estimate the binding energy and to know the protein-ligand interaction. Amongst all the phyto-ligands studied, 4,8,13-Cyclotetradecatriene-1,3-diol,1,5,9-trimethyl-12-(1-methylethyl) showed good affinity towards 1PHO, 4a(2H)-Phenanthrenecarboxaldehyde,1,3,4,9,10,10a-hexahydro-6-methoxy-1,1-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethyl) exhibited highest affinity with 5I5H motifs of <em>E. coli</em>, 4,8,13-Cyclotetradecatriene-1,3-diol, 1,5,9-trimethyl-12-(1-methylethyl) showed better affinity towards motif 5UW2 of <em>E. coli</em> and (Z)-4-Nitro-alpha-(p-nitrophenyl)cinnamic acid showed good affinity towards 6NTW motif of <em>E. coli.</em> The ethanolic leaf extract of <em>L. camara</em> L. showed concentration dependent activity against <em>E. coli</em>.</p> Adline Anita, D. Selvaraj Copyright (c) 2023 Adline Anita, D. Selvaraj Mon, 27 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0530 Diversity of fungal endophytes at different maturity levels of Cryptolepis buchanani leaves <p>A study on endophytic microflora diversity at each level and portion of the leaves of <em>Cryptolepis buchanani, </em>a medicinal plant used by tribals of Madhya Pradesh, India was carried out in the present investigation. As many as 383 isolates from 360 discs of leaves belonging to 17 fungal species and 9 isolates, which did not show any sporulation (sterile), were recovered. Among the 17 identified species, hyphomycetes is the dominant class and <em>Aspergillus, Colletotrichum and Khuskia </em>are the dominant genera. Colonization frequency (CF) was higher in mature leaves (78.3%) and comparatively lower in younger leaves (51.1%) and there was a marginal decrease in CF from the base of the leaf (66.7%) towards the leaf apex (62%). Statistical analysis revealed that level of the leaf had a significant effect on CF and diversity of fungal endophytes, while as leaf sub-parts had little influence. Biochemical characterization of the endophyte revealed the production of various enzymes viz. protease, amylase, lipase, cellulase, xylanase and pectinase. These fungal enzymes can be tapped for food, pharma, beverages, textiles, confectionaries, and leather industries. These bioactive natural products are easy to process as they are usually more stable than products obtained from other sources. The enzymatic activities also help to get a better insight into the host-endophyte relationship. However, the world of fungal endophytes needs to be researched extensively for production of plant based novel eco-friendly biomolecules in cost-effective manner.</p> Sujata Bhardwaj, N. S. Abbas, Babeeta C Kaula, Anil Prakash Copyright (c) 2023 Sujata Bhardwaj, N. S. Abbas, Babeeta C Kaula, Anil Prakash Sat, 04 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0530 Phytoconstituents profiling and antioxidant potential of Wrightia tinctoria R. Br. <p>In the Indian traditional system of medicine<em>, Wrightia tinctoria </em>R.Br. (Apocyanaceae) is recognized as a biologically effective therapeutic plant for the treatment of jaundice. It is a natural medicinal tree possessing antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, antinociceptive, antifungal, antibacterial, antipsoriatic, antiviral, anthelmintic, anticancerous, analgesic, antipyretic, and aphrodisiac activities. Methanolic extract of <em>W. tinctoria </em>plant was investigated with Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and the antioxidant activity of <em>W. tinctoria </em>was analysed by most probable hydrogen peroxide scavenging (H2O2) activity, DPPH activity and Thiobarbutaric acid<em>. </em>The phytochemical in <em>W. tinctoria </em>leaf and bark have been assessed by GC-MS analysis. GC-MS analysis of W. tinctoria methanolic extract exposed the existence of the GC-MS chromatograms of 10 peaks in the leaf and 20 peaks in the bark. The FTIR spectroscopy analyses were identified by various functional compounds in the extracts with distinctive peak values. The FTIR analysis of methanolic leaf extracts of <em>W. tinctoria </em>confirmed the presence of alcohol, amine, alkane, carboxylic acid, sulfur compounds, halogen compounds and alkyne which showed major peaks. Also the methanolic bark extracts of <em>W. tinctoria </em>confirmed the presence of amines, phenol, alcohols, alkane, aldehydes, carboxylic acid, nitrogen compounds, sulfur compounds, and halogen compounds which also exhibited major peaks. Significant antioxidant activity is displayed by the plant part of leaf and bark sample. The results obtained in the determination of antioxidant activity of MEWT displayed considerable free radical scavenging capacity against DPPH which generated free radicals. This study includes the identification of phytochemicals and antioxidant potential of methanolic and aqueous extract of <em>W. tinctoria </em>which assist in therapeutic claims about this species in the traditional medicinal plant system.</p> S. Rajkumar, G. Sathyaprabha, Maghimaa Mathanmohun Copyright (c) 2023 S. Rajkumar, G. Sathyaprabha, Maghimaa Mathanmohun Fri, 10 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0530