Current Botany <p>The Current Botany [ISSN: 2220-4822] is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal that publishes quality articles in all the areas of plant science research. The journal welcomes the submission of original manuscripts (Please see <a href="">Plagiarism Policy</a>) that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence.</p> <p>See the detailed <a href=""><strong>Aims and Scope</strong></a> of Current Botany.</p> <p><a href="">Click Here</a> to submit your article to the Current Botany</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Caution: </strong>The Editorial Office of Current Botany receives compliments from the authors that they receive e-mail with fake promises on acceptance guarantee, fast publication and that could include a request to submit articles by mail. Authors should aware of these fake promises. The manuscript should be submitted through the <a href="">online submission portal</a> not by mail and the submission, status and technical queries should be sent only to <a href=""></a>. All the submitted manuscripts will be subjected to plagiarism screening (iThenticate) and peer-review process by a minimum of two reviewers.</p> <p> </p> <p> <strong>Announcements</strong></p> <p> <strong>Current Botany [ISSN: 2220-4822] has been indexed in:</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">UGC-CARE List</li> <li class="show">AGRIS (FAO)</li> </ul> en-US (Managing Editor) (Managing Editor) Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:52:17 +0530 OJS 60 Two additions to the family Poaceae in the Flora of Allahabad District, Uttar Pradesh, India <p>A floristic exploration of the family Poaceae in Uttar Pradesh resulted in the addition of one Bamboo genus <em>viz</em>., <em>Dendrocalamus strictus</em> (Roxb.) Nees and one grass species <em>viz</em>., <em>Chrysopogon aciculatus </em>(Retz.) Trin. to the flora of Allahabad (U.P.). A detailed description, updated citation, phenology, habitat and distribution are provided which facilitates easy identification.</p> Satya Narain, Nahid Fatima, Renu, Deepak Khare, Sadhana Copyright (c) 2022 Satya Narain, Nahid Fatima, Renu, Deepak Khare, Sadhana Tue, 22 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Germplasm conservation of Phyllanthus virgatus G. Forst. by encapsulation of In vitro derived leaf segments <p>The present study describes an efficient plant regeneration system for <em>in vitro </em>propagation of <em>Phyllanthus virgatus </em>through leaf explant. The leaf explants were cultured on Murashige &amp; Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with BAP (1.5 mg L<sup>-1</sup>) and NAA (0.9 mg L<sup>-1 </sup>for efficient callus induction (82.26%). The maximum percentage of shoots (77.85%) was developed from BAP (2.0 mg L<sup>-1</sup>) and GA3 (0.5 mg L<sup>-1</sup>). The efficient rooting response (76.28%) was noted on a nutrient medium containing NAA (1.5 mg L<sup>-1</sup>) and IBA (0.2 mg L<sup>-1</sup>). Regenerated plantlets were successfully acclimatized and hardened off inside the culture room and then transferred to green house with a 72% survival rate.</p> M. Magendiran, K. K. Vijayakumar, J. Thambiraj, S. Mahendran Copyright (c) 2022 M. Magendiran, K. K. Vijayakumar, J. Thambiraj, S. Mahendran Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Effects of copper bioaccumulation on growth and biochemical constituents of the seedlings of Casuarina equisetifolia L. <p>Accumulation of heavy metals in the soil causes a significant impact on the biological processes in the plants. In the present study, the impact of bioaccumulation of copper (Cu) on the growth and biochemical constituents of the seedlings of <em>Casuarina equisetifolia</em> was assessed. The results showed that <em>C. equisetifolia</em> is a hyper-accumulator of Cu. The roots of the <em>C. Equisetifolia </em>significantly accumulated (p&lt; 0.05) greater levels of Cu than stem and leaves. Similarly, the seedlings exposed to different concentrations of Cu showed differential height and collar diameter. The higher concentrations of Cu significantly (p&lt; 0.05) hindered the fresh and dry weights of seedlings. It was noticed that accumulated Cu caused a significant decrease in levels of total carbohydrates, proteins and chlorophyll contents in <em>C. equisetifolia </em>seedlings.</p> B. M. Rathna Kumari Copyright (c) 2022 B. M. Rathna Kumari Mon, 28 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Comparative adaptogenic properties of Withania somnifera and Panax ginseng <p>Adaptogens are natural (herbs) or synthetic compounds (levamisole) used to maintain stability in human body. The plant based adaptogens were mainly used to enhance the physical endurance and metal health of patients. However, adaptogens are widely studied for their ability to protect and cope up the body against physical, chemical and biological stress and related diseases. <em>Panax ginseng</em> and <em>Withania somnifera</em> are natural adaptogens, used to attenuate stress &amp; related disorders without increasing oxygen consumption. This review deals with a detailed description of adaptogenic potential of <em>Panax ginseng</em> and <em>Withania somnifera</em> in improving human health. It also focuses on the similarity and mechanism of action of <em>Panax ginseng</em> and <em>Withania somnifera </em>as adaptogens on human stress induced disorders.</p> Kanimozhi Natarajan, Preethi M. Purushotham, Aparnapreethi Rajendran, Swathika Suresh, Kalaiselvi Senthil Copyright (c) 2022 Kanimozhi Natarajan, Preethi M. Purushotham, Aparnapreethi Rajendran, Swathika Suresh, Kalaiselvi Senthil Fri, 13 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 The extant ethnomedicines of six different hills of Eastern Ghats, South India <p>The extant ethnomedicines of the Eastern Ghats of south India were inventoried. The ethnobotanical survey conducted during the months of June to August 2018 in the six different hills of Eastern Ghats divulged a total of 54 (76%) medicinal plants belonging to 34 families being currently used by the herbal practitioners. The comprehensive details on the vernacular name, binomial, family, and plant part(s) used, and type of drug preparation of the ethnomedicines used for the various disease(s) are tabulated. The plant family Fabaceae (with five ethnomedicines) followed by Euphorbiaceae and Solanaceae (four each) were the dominant contributor in the Eastern Ghats. Interestingly, the same families were found contributing in similar pattern (nine and four each) in the literature pertaining to the Eastern Ghats, indicating their heritage and significance. Further, the ethnobotanical survey revealed that the leaves (25%) and paste form (46%) are the predominant plant part and drug type used respectively in the hills. The analysis also revealed the prevalent use of single drug (70%) and their overall depletion (24%) underlining the urgency to conserve them.</p> P. Santhanapandi, A. Guruprasad, R. Geetha, N. Krithika, C. V. Chittibabu Copyright (c) 2022 P. Santhanapandi, A. Guruprasad, R. Geetha, N. Krithika, C. V. Chittibabu Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 In vitro plant regeneration and metabolite profiling of an aromatic medicinal plant Ruta graveolens L. by using GC-MS <p><em>Ruta graveolens </em>L. is an endemic plant of the Mediterranean region. It has been used for centuries as a medical preparation and has a variety of roles because of its varied chemical composition. In vitro culture is a useful tool for both multiplication and study of important secondary metabolites. The present study was aimed to develop an effective and reproducible protocol for callus induction and indirect plant regeneration of <em>Ruta graveolens</em> (L.) by using leaf explants and to analyze chemical components present in different extracts of <em>Ruta graveolens. </em>The leaf explants were cultured on MS medium augmented with different combinations and concentrations of auxins and cytokinins for callus induction, shoot multiplication and rooting. The optimum plant growth regulator concentration for callus induction, shoot multiplication and root formation was recorded in MSM+2,4-D(1.5mg/L)+NAA(1.5 mg/L), MSM+ BAP (1.5mg/L) +IBA (1.0 mg/L) and half strength MSM+IBA(0.50 mg/L) respectively. The rooted Plantlets were successfully acclimatized and established in earthen pots. The leaves, stem, roots and callus of <em>Ruta graveolens</em> were extracted by using Acetone and Ethyl acetate solvents followed by volatile compound analysis using GC-MS. The phytochemical assay showed that extracts of <em>Ruta graveolens</em> contain various phytoconstituents having potential bioactivity. The major compounds found were 1, 3-Dioxolane-4-propanol, 2, 2-Dimetheyl-, kokusaginine, Bergaptene, 2 Undecanone, 3-Hexene-2-one, Alpha, - 1- Arabinopyranose, 1, 2:3,4-bis-o, and 1- (1,3-Benzodioxol-5-ylmethyl)-3-Nitro-1 which might be primarily contributing in the biological activity of the plant. The results of this study will make a way for the production of herbal medicines for various ailments by using callus cultures of <em>Ruta graveolens</em> L.</p> Malik Aabid Hussain, Varsha Nitin Nathar, Roohi Mushtaq Copyright (c) 2022 Malik Aabid Hussain, Varsha Nitin Nathar, Roohi Mushtaq Sat, 28 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Morphological and phytochemical studies of Suaeda maritima (L.) Dumort growing along the coastal belt of Purba Medinipur District, West Bengal, India in search of the prospective variation <p><em>Suaeda maritima </em>(L.) Dumort of the family Chenopodiaceae is an annual succulent mangrove herb. This annual salt marsh is quite regularly used by the local people for food and pharmaceutical. This species has been cursorily noted to have variation in some morphological characters. Earlier reports indicated the presence of triterpenoid e.g. alpha amyrin in some species of <em>Suaeda</em>. However, no report on the variation in the quantity of it in this species was presented. The present study has furnished an account of subtle variation in morphology of this herb growing on different sites in the area under study. It also shows a difference in the amount of alpha amyrin in the plant individuals of different places, revealed through the HPTLC study. Morphological variations have been noted mostly in respect of the characteristics of the stem and leaf of the species.</p> Maniklal Pati, Asis Kumar Nandi Copyright (c) 2022 Maniklal Pati, Asis Kumar Nandi Sat, 28 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Antioxidant and anti-proliferative potential of Cardiospermum halicacabum stem extracts against human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells <p>Cancer is the most important health care problem worldwide. An estimated 10 million new cases worldwide are recorded annually, of which 46% are in developed countries. Breast cancer is one of the second most common malignant tumors in the world. All forms of cancer treatment, including surgical treatment, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy are often poor and often toxic to the normal cell. Therefore, there is still an urgent need for new cancer treatment options. More research is now being done to determine which compounds occur naturally. The current study aims to extract <em>Cardiospermum halicacabum</em> L. for the prevention and treatment of cancer. A few methods may account for the perceived therapeutic effects, most importantly direct cytotoxicity. These herbal medicines when combined with regular antioxidant and anticancer drugs may be helpful in combining the antioxidant and anticancer effects and reducing the side effects associated with common drugs.</p> N. Krithika, C. V. Chittibabu, P. Santhanapandi, M. Lenin Copyright (c) 2022 N. Krithika, C. V. Chittibabu, P. Santhanapandi, M. Lenin Wed, 13 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Molecular characterization and antioxidant activity of Volkameria inermis L. <p>The present investigation aimed to study the genomic characterization and free radical scavenging potential of a traditional plant <em>Volkameria </em><em>inermis</em>. A chloroplast genome rbcL was used in molecular characterization and it revealed the phylogeny and evolutionary affinities of <em>V. inermis </em>with the outgroups of the family through BLAST search based on Neighbor-Joining (NJ) analysis. The free radical scavenging potential of various extracts of <em>V. inermis </em>was observed at different concentrations (20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 μg/mL) in DPPH and ABTS <em>in vitro </em>models. Ascorbic acid (DPPH) and Trolox (ABTS) were used as standard. In DPPH assay, among the different extracts (hexane, chloroform, acetone, ethanol, methanol and water) tested, methanol showed maximum scavenging activity with the IC50 value of 28.33μg/mL followed by acetone with the IC50 value of 31.937μg/mL. The other extracts, ethanol and water extracts showed moderate activity with the IC 50 value of 82.558 μg/mL and 81.758μg/mL; chloroform and hexane showed very lower antioxidant activity and the IC50 values are 518.776μg/mL, 1066.16μg/mL accordingly. In ABTS assay, methanol was observed as a highly active extracts with the IC50 value of 70.196μg/mL followed by ethanol extract (103.078μg/mL). The results showed that the methanol extract exhibits strong antioxidant activity in DPPH and ABTS assays. The scavenging efficiency showed dose dependent increase in concentration absorption compared to Ascorbic acid and Trolox. Our findings provide the molecular identification and evidence for the potential of <em>Volkameria inermis </em>as a source of natural antioxidants.</p> U. Thiripura Sundari, P. Shanthi Copyright (c) 2022 U. Thiripura Sundari, P. Shanthi Tue, 30 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Ethnoveterinary studies of medicinal plants used to treat livestock in the Haridwar region of Uttarakhand, India <p>Ethnoveterinary practices are still prevalent in rural livestock healthcare. This research contributes significantly to the understanding of biological resources employed in ethnoveterinary practices in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand. This current study focuses on ethnoveterinary knowledge among ethnic populations in Haridwar and quantitatively documented the traditional knowledge about the usage of different medicinal herbs. The field survey was carried out at four sampling sites, <em>i.e., </em>Chilla range, Mohand range, Vindhyavasini hills, and Shyampur range. The ethnoveterinary information was documented and collected in the study areas through interviews, questionnaires, and group discussions with ethnic communities and traditional healers, primarily elderly shepherds and farmers. The collected data were quantitatively analysed utilizing the informant consensus factor (ICF), fidelity level (FL), and use value (UV). In this study, 102 medicinal plant species were identified in which herbs (58.8%) were the maximum used life forms. Leaves (27.1%) were found to be the most commonly used plant part. The oral mode of medication was used most often in the ethnoveterinary practices (79.4%) used. Quantitative analysis revealed that the most important species having high UV values for curing livestock was <em>Zingiber officinale </em>(L) (UV = 2.67). FL% values ranged between 27.8 to 100% and ICF values ranged from 0.97 to 0.99. This study reveals that a large variety of medicinal plant species are of great ethnoveterinary relevance and are used by informants in Haridwar to treat cattle ailments. Further phytochemical and pharmacological studies would be needed to determine the usefulness and safety of the identified plants, allowing communities to use them in a more cost-effective, and safe manner.</p> Munish Sharma, Navneet Bithel, Munit Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 Munish Sharma, Navneet Bithel, Munit Sharma Sat, 03 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0530