Current Botany <p>The Current Botany [ISSN: 2220-4822] is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal that publishes quality articles in all the areas of plant science research. The journal welcomes the submission of original manuscripts (Please see <a href="">Plagiarism Policy</a>) that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence.</p> <p>See the detailed <a href=""><strong>Aims and Scope</strong></a> of Current Botany.</p> <p><a href="">Click Here</a> to submit your article to the Current Botany</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Caution: </strong>The Editorial Office of Current Botany receives compliments from the authors that they receive e-mail with fake promises on acceptance guarantee, fast publication and that could include a request to submit articles by mail. Authors should aware of these fake promises. The manuscript should be submitted through the <a href="">online submission portal</a> not by mail and the submission, status and technical queries should be sent only to <a href=""></a>. All the submitted manuscripts will be subjected to plagiarism screening (iThenticate) and peer-review process by a minimum of two reviewers.</p> <p> </p> <p> <strong>Announcements</strong></p> <p> <strong>Current Botany [ISSN: 2220-4822] has been indexed in:</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">UGC-CARE List</li> <li class="show">AGRIS (FAO)</li> </ul> Update Publishing House en-US Current Botany 2220-4822 Two additions to the family Poaceae in the Flora of Allahabad District, Uttar Pradesh, India <p>A floristic exploration of the family Poaceae in Uttar Pradesh resulted in the addition of one Bamboo genus <em>viz</em>., <em>Dendrocalamus strictus</em> (Roxb.) Nees and one grass species <em>viz</em>., <em>Chrysopogon aciculatus </em>(Retz.) Trin. to the flora of Allahabad (U.P.). A detailed description, updated citation, phenology, habitat and distribution are provided which facilitates easy identification.</p> Satya Narain Nahid Fatima Renu Deepak Khare Sadhana Copyright (c) 2022 Satya Narain, Nahid Fatima, Renu, Deepak Khare, Sadhana 2022-03-22 2022-03-22 1 3 10.25081/cb.2022.v13.6835 Germplasm conservation of Phyllanthus virgatus G. Forst. by encapsulation of In vitro derived leaf segments <p>The present study describes an efficient plant regeneration system for <em>in vitro </em>propagation of <em>Phyllanthus virgatus </em>through leaf explant. The leaf explants were cultured on Murashige &amp; Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with BAP (1.5 mg L<sup>-1</sup>) and NAA (0.9 mg L<sup>-1 </sup>for efficient callus induction (82.26%). The maximum percentage of shoots (77.85%) was developed from BAP (2.0 mg L<sup>-1</sup>) and GA3 (0.5 mg L<sup>-1</sup>). The efficient rooting response (76.28%) was noted on a nutrient medium containing NAA (1.5 mg L<sup>-1</sup>) and IBA (0.2 mg L<sup>-1</sup>). Regenerated plantlets were successfully acclimatized and hardened off inside the culture room and then transferred to green house with a 72% survival rate.</p> M. Magendiran K. K. Vijayakumar J. Thambiraj S. Mahendran Copyright (c) 2022 M. Magendiran, K. K. Vijayakumar, J. Thambiraj, S. Mahendran 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 4 7 10.25081/cb.2022.v13.7303 Effects of copper bioaccumulation on growth and biochemical constituents of the seedlings of Casuarina equisetifolia L. <p>Accumulation of heavy metals in the soil causes a significant impact on the biological processes in the plants. In the present study, the impact of bioaccumulation of copper (Cu) on the growth and biochemical constituents of the seedlings of <em>Casuarina equisetifolia</em> was assessed. The results showed that <em>C. equisetifolia</em> is a hyper-accumulator of Cu. The roots of the <em>C. Equisetifolia </em>significantly accumulated (p&lt; 0.05) greater levels of Cu than stem and leaves. Similarly, the seedlings exposed to different concentrations of Cu showed differential height and collar diameter. The higher concentrations of Cu significantly (p&lt; 0.05) hindered the fresh and dry weights of seedlings. It was noticed that accumulated Cu caused a significant decrease in levels of total carbohydrates, proteins and chlorophyll contents in <em>C. equisetifolia </em>seedlings.</p> B. M. Rathna Kumari Copyright (c) 2022 B. M. Rathna Kumari 2022-03-28 2022-03-28 8 11 10.25081/cb.2022.v13.7212 Comparative adaptogenic properties of Withania somnifera and Panax ginseng <p>Adaptogens are natural (herbs) or synthetic compounds (levamisole) used to maintain stability in human body. The plant based adaptogens were mainly used to enhance the physical endurance and metal health of patients. However, adaptogens are widely studied for their ability to protect and cope up the body against physical, chemical and biological stress and related diseases. <em>Panax ginseng</em> and <em>Withania somnifera</em> are natural adaptogens, used to attenuate stress &amp; related disorders without increasing oxygen consumption. This review deals with a detailed description of adaptogenic potential of <em>Panax ginseng</em> and <em>Withania somnifera</em> in improving human health. It also focuses on the similarity and mechanism of action of <em>Panax ginseng</em> and <em>Withania somnifera </em>as adaptogens on human stress induced disorders.</p> Kanimozhi Natarajan Preethi M. Purushotham Aparnapreethi Rajendran Swathika Suresh Kalaiselvi Senthil Copyright (c) 2022 Kanimozhi Natarajan, Preethi M. Purushotham, Aparnapreethi Rajendran, Swathika Suresh, Kalaiselvi Senthil 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 12 18 10.25081/cb.2022.v13.7599 The extant ethnomedicines of six different hills of Eastern Ghats, South India <p>The extant ethnomedicines of the Eastern Ghats of south India were inventoried. The ethnobotanical survey conducted during the months of June to August 2018 in the six different hills of Eastern Ghats divulged a total of 54 (76%) medicinal plants belonging to 34 families being currently used by the herbal practitioners. The comprehensive details on the vernacular name, binomial, family, and plant part(s) used, and type of drug preparation of the ethnomedicines used for the various disease(s) are tabulated. The plant family Fabaceae (with five ethnomedicines) followed by Euphorbiaceae and Solanaceae (four each) were the dominant contributor in the Eastern Ghats. Interestingly, the same families were found contributing in similar pattern (nine and four each) in the literature pertaining to the Eastern Ghats, indicating their heritage and significance. Further, the ethnobotanical survey revealed that the leaves (25%) and paste form (46%) are the predominant plant part and drug type used respectively in the hills. The analysis also revealed the prevalent use of single drug (70%) and their overall depletion (24%) underlining the urgency to conserve them.</p> P. Santhanapandi A. Guruprasad R. Geetha N. Krithika C. V. Chittibabu Copyright (c) 2022 P. Santhanapandi, A. Guruprasad, R. Geetha, N. Krithika, C. V. Chittibabu 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 19 25 10.25081/cb.2022.v13.7523