Suitable Substrate for Crop Growth under Protected Farms – An Assessment
Suitable Substrate for Crop Growth under Protected Farms
With the advent of civilization, open field agriculture is facing some major challenges; most importantly decrease in per capita land availability. In this paper, an attempt has been made to review crop growing substrates for protected farms. Substrate selection is a critical factor for optimal production of high-quality vegetables. Rooting depth determines the volume of substrate from. Consideration of optimal crop growing substrate and irrigation method while designing and maintaining a protected farm is very important for optimal crop growth and profit. Most farmers do not consider all the crop growing parameters for the optimal crop growth.
2. Anonymous, Off-grid-world. Vertical Farm. 2012, updated on 7th May 2016.
3. Anonymous. Greentrees Hydroponics. Rockwool, Green trees Hydroponics, California, USA. 1992, updated on 22nd May, 2017.
4. Anonymous. Growing Mediums and Hydroponics, Home Hydro Systems, 2017, updated on 28th January, 2017.
5. Anonymous. Meet some growers. American Hydroponics Inc., Arcata, CA, 2015, updated on 28th January, 2016.
6. Anthony, M. How Biochar Improves Soil–Stability And Affinity, Wakefield Biochar, Columbia, USA, 2017, updated on 28th January, 2017.
7. Banerjee, C., and Adenaeuer, L. Up, Up and Away! The economics of vertical farming. Journal of Agricultural Studies, 2014:2, 40-60.
8. Bhat, N. R., Suleiman, M. S., Thomas, B., Lekha, V. S., George, P., and Ali, I. S. Growing substrates for organic lettuce production in Kuwait. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2013. 9: p. 143-147.
9. Buechel T. Greenhouse Herb and Vegetable Production–Part 4/4–Growing Media, 2016, updated on 19th June, 2017.
10. Despommier, D. The rise of vertical farms. Scientific American, 2009. 301: p. 80-87.
11. Garrison, S. Best Management Practices for Irrigating Vegetables, Extension Specialist in Vegetable Crops, by Rutgers Cooperative Extension, New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. 2002
12. GBC India. Light Expanded Clay Aggregate, Ahmedabad, India, 2017, updated on 22nd May, 2017.
13. Han, G. Growing Up. Massachusetts Academy of Math and Science. The Scientia Review. 2009, updated on 22nd January, 2015.
14. Jacques D. and Walden R. A review of the major growing media components, Sun Gro Horticulture, Agawam, USA, 2005, updated on 28th January, 2016).
15. Jankauskiene, J., Brazaityte, A., and Viskelis, P. Effect of Different Growing Substrates on Physiological Processes, Productivity and Quality of Tomato in Soilless Culture. In Soilless Culture-Use of Substrates for the Production of Quality Horticultural Crops. InTech. 2015.
16. Jensen H. M., Hydroponics Worldwide–A Technical Overview. Univ. Arizona. School of Agriculture. Tucson, Arizona 85721, 2013, updated on 28th January, 2016.
17. Kessler J. Raymond, Williams J. David and Howe Robyn. Alabama Cooperative Extension System, ANR-1151, Hydroponics for Home Gardeners, Auburn University, 2006, updated on 14th May, 2016.
18. MAFES. Commercial Horticulture. Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station (MAFES), Mississippi State University Extension Service, Stoneville, MS, 2010 updated on 28th January, 2016.
19. Mellino, C. World’s largest ‘vegetable factory’ revolutionizes indoor farming. Transforming green. Eco-Watch, Bengaluru, India, 2015, updated on 28th January, 2016.
20. Meyers, G. Cityscape farms: Soilless farming. Green Building Elements, 2010, updated on 22th January, 2016.
21. MIT. Urban agriculture mission, Feeding the world. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, 2014, updated on 28th January, 2016.
22. Pena J. G., Greenhouse Vegetable Production Economic Considerations, Marketing, and Financing, Texas Cooperative Extension, 2005 updated on 28th January, 2016.
23. Rajasekar M., Arumugam T. and Ramesh Kumar S. Influence of weather and growing environment on vegetable growth and yield, Journal of Horticulture and Forestry, 2013, 5: p. 160-167, November,
24. Steven, C. Hydroponics as an agricultural production system, Issue 63. Practical Hydroponics and Green Houses. Global form for Innovation in Agriculture. Wanneroo, CA, 2002, updated on 22nd January, 2016.
25. Valenzuela H., Kratky B., Cho J. Crop Production Guidelines, University of Hawaii. CTAHR, 2011, updated on 28th January, 2016.
26. Verdonck, O. D., De Vleeschauwer, D., and De Boodt, M. The influence of the substrate to plant growth. In Symposium on Substrates in Horticulture other than Soils in Situ, 1981, 126:p. 251-258).
27. Wilfried, B., Remi, N. W., Nebambi, L., Alison, H., Nicolás, C., Cherubino, L., Stefania, D. P. and Muien, Q. Good agricultural practices for greenhouse vegetable crops: principles for mediterranean climate areas (No. 217). FAO of the United Nations. 2013.
28. Brechner, M. and Both A. J. Hydroponic Lettuce Handbook. Controlled Environment Agriculture, 2014, updated on 22nd January, 2014.
29. Tu, C. M. "Use of sawdust for soil pH amendments." Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 1995, 26 (19-20), p. 3175-3180.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.